Category Archives: Shooting

Firearms and shooting technique

wild boar hunti autoloadig carbine Benelli

SEMI-AUTOMATIC RIFLE FOR HUNTING WILD BOAR

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Teresa Renda woman hunterThe semi-automatic rifle is widespread among our hunters of ungulates; they appreciate the quick reset cycle and also the good availability of shots. It’s slowly replacing the smooth-bore weapons for wild boar.

Apart from the higher accuracy, in shooting the rifled barrel weapon has many advantages against the smooth bore.

The high speed of the rifled barrel weapon projectile into the prey produces serious injuries that prevent them from escaping. The semi-automatic rifle has the advantage of a rapid repetition of the shot, a very useful characteristic during the ungulates hunting battue, due to the short time in which the prey remains visible among the vegetation. The semi-automatic rifles are also called “autoload”, automatic loading, with the exception of the automatic repetition of the shot.

Almost all of these rifles have a mechanism for removal of gas. Some of them look like military automatic rifles (often they are the derivation), where, however, the number of shots was reduced and the burst eliminated. Only the semi-automatic rifles ga. 22 with rimfire are equipped with a closure to ground due to the low power gauge.

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These weapons have a great difficulty to take in very powerful gauges, both for the excessive length of the cartridge case, and for necessity of absorbing and amortizing the violent recoil. The mechanical structure and the mechanism appear to be almost identical to that of semi-automatic. The cartridge tank is generally formed from a magazine of a detachable type, giving a fast loading using a simple spare magazine.

The semi-automatic rifles have a removable magazine supply, placed on tilting or removable support. The charger can have up to 4 cartridges in standard gauges, or up to 3 in magnum gauges. The breech has moveable head with crampons; they get a stable connection with the breech of the barrel. The mechanical parts of those rifles are made of a good steel, in chrome-nickel ones which are located at the points of greatest wear or exposed to very bad gas. They are well-groomed in details, built with quality materials, safe and precise during the operation.

The semi-automanic of modern production, Bar Browning, Benelli Argo, Winchester SXR, and Remington are also very nice to see.

The operation generally does not present problems and the accuracy of shooting in battue is good.

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Among the rifles produced, there is one that is special: it is the Heckler & Hoch that differs from the others because its mechanism exploits the recoil energy, through a delayed opening of the breech, braked by metal cylinders sliding on inclined planes. It has a rib rifling of the barrel obtained by a polygonal puncture of the tube, its mechanics are very accurate, the materials and the operation are good. Only the recoil is often more sensitive than that of the gas rifle.

Teresa Renda

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16 ga shotgun huntin shooting

16 GA: GAUGE MEDIUM. THE FUTURE IS YOUR!

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Riccardo Ceccarelli, hunter

There are now a few years that I follow closely the events of 16 gauge, first as a neutral observer and then as President of the Italian Club that represents it. This gauge wasn’t ever produced in the world in important quantity, but that production is anyway very significant. And it is always in the limelight because its continuity and the talking about it. And this is a big factor of merit because, as said the lawyer Gianni Agnelli, founder of FIAT, “About Juventus, good or bad, it is important that we speak.”

Has been said a lot and always about this gauge, with the balance that has been, at least in the past, to criticism. But those days have passed and the minimum level of popularity has been reached, unable to delete it permanently, as it happened to the 14 gauge. Critics were not in the industry of arms, but in the public opinion, which passively go along with those who were the choices of the industries that had created expensive machineries for specific products.

The modern industry, in fact, decided to remove from the huge production the middle gauges as 16, but also 24 ga, 32 ga, leaving anyway a sufficient “diversity” of gauges for the hunters. This is a an historical fact, also if leaves a lot of things to think. But the world is changing and the industry in other sectors teaches, always in search of new or revision of the old if not yet fully exploited or if the society is again interested. On this second point, the gauge 16 may be best weapon of industry in the years to come.

remington 1100 16 gauge

For cars and motorcycles an happy customary

There are a lot of examples of review and success. In the automotive sector, the historical review of the Mini Minor had amazing success with audience; today it is one of the cars of most commercial liking. Equivalent satisfaction for the industry is giving from the new Fiat 500, which is reviving the glories of the old Fiat car. Both entered into a new business created by the industry and defined as “utilitarian chic car”. Even they are penetrating the USA market where this kind of car was never conceived.

16 gauge shotgun hunting shootingThe same applies to the motorcycle sector. After spending decades in testing fairings in the wind tunnel in search of performance, today many bikes back to the past. The legendary Vespa has allowed its modern reinterpretation with the modern scooter. For both recent achievements, the consensus is very high.

The industry of weapons is not behind compared to these concepts.

This is demonstrated by the investments of Browning with the production of the A5 where, although it isn’t necessary from a technical point of view, it was desired to revive the “hump” that has made the company famous with the immense “Auto 5″, and the large number of round body side by side shotgun (with the rounded receiver as in the nineteenth century), also produced by leading companies, as the Beretta 486 Parallelo. These products have a very modern technical level, but with a vintage look. So there’s an high level of attention by the companies.

The 16 gauge in the future

We start from the assumption that the 16 gauge, in its standard configuration, is designed to shoot an ounce of lead. But this has to be considered only the first data. Its range of loading is between 26 and 30. But today the hunting powders, already tried to strengthen the charges of 12ga and 20 ga, have a level of progressivity and containment of pressures such as to allow for the 16 charges of 32.34 gr. That is, in other terms, a modern shotgun in 16 gauge (not those of the grandparents of course, which moreover does not provide any advantage to the economy industry) is able to overlap the 12 almost completely. From here the step towards the codification of a magnum might be a short step.

But we mustn’t exaggerate in the optimism; on the other hand, even the current success of 28 gauge is related to its standard configuration, enhanced in the charge compared with the past, thanks to the increased efficiency of the current materials for the metal-working.

This binds to practical considerations: a range of loading from 26 to 32 gr is able to meet all the needs of modern hunting for which is delegated the smooth bore barrel. The only exception is the duck hunting, where we Europeans continue to insist with big cartridge, while in the United States the hunters are showing us that a good gauge 16 of adequate weight (I mean for example the 16 gauge mod. Remington 1100), is able to accommodate ammunition particularly suitable also for the ducks.

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But more than to satisfy this aspect of actual practical use, there is another aspect to which the 16 gauge is oh for a modern hunting. The reality is that the current and future international hunting will be an ever more connected to the leisure and the pursuit of personal satisfaction to those who practice it.

We’ll not hunt for hunger and this is also a wish for all of us, but we’ll do it for a good food. In the research of satisfaction, the industry will be particularly attentive to all those segments that promise potential and, it will try to stimulate where it believes to have possibility. The medium gauges 12 and 20 already amply fill the racks of hunters in the world, while the 16 gauge is a production potential of which the hunter is poorly equipped.

So there are good chances of selling that are what the gun making industry rightly pursues. So is possible to push on this gauge to revive markets and related productions. We have to do this not only producing weapons but also reviving the culture of the caliber, alongside a Club as our that perform a work of sheer passion. In the USA there is the “GA Society 16″ (www.16ga.com) that is very active.

16 ga society association

Also there is another factor of positivity. As was the case in all areas of the world, there is an increasing growth of women becoming more prominent and effective role in business and politics summit. And so it is in the hunt. This factor, in itself positive, it is also related to the caliber 16, which makes them equal to mans for its effectiveness and for its reduced weight.

We believe that the 16, the in-between gauge, put aside too soon, will may represent the top weapon in which to invest in the years to come.

The Club Calibro 16, with its fiercest supporters, is ready for the challenge.

Riccardo Ceccarelli

President of Italian Club 16 Gauge

www.calibro16.it

 

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THE VARIETY OF GAUGES IN A HUNTING SHOTGUN

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The origin of the definition of the gauges for smooth-bore weapons is attributed to the British who called them in relation to the number of spherical balls of the same diameter can be obtained from a pound of lead. For this reason, the smaller the gauge, the greater the number that identifies it. In the age of front loader firearms, there was no real definition of the gauge because black powder and lead were paid into the barrel and taking shape and volume dates from the tube.

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Turning to the creation of the cartridges, it was necessary to define standards so that all the ammunition produced for a shotgun had the same section. But there were many states with different measure units so in Liege, in 1911, were defined dimensions and related tolerances. This is true for the chamber of the cartridge that can take inside equal size cartridges, but the gauge of the barrel may vary so it can shoot balls also very different from each other. Let’s take an example. The Convention C.I.P. states that the chamber of cartridge can vary between 18.2 mm and 18.6 mm in gauge 16, and the chamber between 20.3 mm and 20.4 mm in gauge 12.

The work of the hunting shotgun

The shotgun has the purpose to perform a job using the energy produced by the combustion of gunpowder. Part of this energy is absorbed by the passive resistance of the barrel, another part is converted into heat and another part generates the thrust of the hunting shots. This last part is defined as “useful work” of shotgun. The energy called “kinetic energy” that animates the shots will be greater as much as greater will be the “useful work”.

The useful work of the shotgun is made up of three components: average pressure in the barrel, section of the barrel, length of the barrel. If we consider a length of fixed barrel, if the section is reduced, and therefore the gauge, increases the operating pressure. But this pressure can not increase without limit both for safety reasons, but also because it would distort the hunting shots that should lose their spherical shape. For this reason the weight of the charge that a rifle can launch remains linked to the diameter of the barrel, and then to the gauge. In the final analysis it is therefore possible to say that the smooth-bore hunting shot can shoot heavier loads if the caliber is large or, and this is very important, shotguns at the same weight charge develops lower pressures.

The gauges

Traditionally gauges of shotguns are divided into 4 categories:

1) BIG GAUGES – (4 – 8 – 10) – In practice no longer used (except the 10 in some countries) because are impractical to use and designed to shoot too heavy loads.

 2) AVERAGE GAUGES – (12 – 16-20) – Used a lot around the world. They are to be considered the best compromise for all the small game. The gauge 12 is the most used, but the use of gauge 20 is also good. The gauge 16 was not used and was almost disappeared until it is resumed in some countries. In Italy there is a very active Club (www.calibro16.it) bringing it back to its former splendor.

 3) SMALL GAUGES – (24-28 – 32-36) – Used in Europe for small birds, they have seen a rapid reduction in their use almost unti to disappear (24-32). Others gauges, instead, in recent years, have had a second life (28-36) also to be used on the fields of skeet shooting. In particular, the gauge 36, in its magnum version (ie. 410) has always had a wide use in the United States and is having an interesting use even in some European countries.

 4) MINIMUM GAUGES – (9 mm, 8 mm, 6 mm) – Not used to hunt for their low ability to break down the game.

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The prohibition in the USA and in most countries of Europe of the big guns allowed to develop in the 12-gauge and 20-gauge the Magnum concept. These have the ability to shoot effectively both standard charges of shooting shots that oversize that arrive at the bigger gauge. This development was made possible thanks to modern steel manufacturing industry and to hunting powder production.

Teresa Renda

Beretta, products, accessories, hunting, shooting, outdoor

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EFFECTIVENESS OF SHOTS HUNTING

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Teresa Renda woman hunterThe damaging power of the shot is not only determined by its mass and velocity, but also it is a consequence of the relationship between the characteristics of the projectile and those of the game. The number of wounds inflicted determinants for the killing of the game, in turn, depends on other additional variables such as the distance of the shot, the size of the animal and its strenght, all those characteristics of the weapon that shoots and that interact on the dispersion of the shot pattern, and, then, on the string of the same (choke of the barrel, the number of shot of the charge, presence of the container in the cartridge, etc …).

In physics the energy is defined as the ability possessed by a body to produce work, and in the case of the shot the work is to be understood as to download the energy on the game, via the impact on its body. Indeed, the powder burning in the barrel of the gun, producing a large quantity of gaseous mass, produces a work which in part is dispersed as heat, and in part is exploited to launch a projectile.

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In physics the energy that a shot has in his direction is defined “kinetic”, and it is amechanical energy of a body in motion (the shot), that is, the work done by the shot crossing the body of the game; in other terms it’s equivalent to the difference between impact energy and residual energy after the crossing.

Therefore, to calculate the kinetic energy of a bullet, at the various shooting distances, it is sufficient to know its mass (weight) and the residual velocity. In any case, the kinetic energy of the shot depends on several factors, such as speed and size of the shot, the physical size of the game and its natural defenses, such as thickness and strength of the skin, plumage, muscles, adipose or connective tissues …

The kinetic energy required for the killing increases, then, in relation to the mass, and the defenses of the animal. This amount of energy can be brought on the game both by a large shot at a low speed, either by a small and fast shot, but with different damaging capacity.

The first will have a lesion type trauma, the second will cause a deep wound. The kinetic energy that it is downloaded on the game is the sum of the energies of the individual shot that come on the target, the same amount of energy can therefore be carried by a few big shot, as many small shot.

To have success in shooting, we have to inflict more wounds, choosing the numbering of lead that ensures a sufficient residual energy and an appropriate density of shot pattern.

The general Journée, historical and scientist of ballistic, stated that the clean killing of game could be achieved with only 5 shot of adequate size. These have to be able both to harm the vital organs that to break the long bones. And to do that, they had to be equipped with adequate speed able to ensure the correct amount of energy.

Teresa Renda

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RIFLED BARREL AND HUNTING: CHOOSE THE GAUGE

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With the emergence of the rifled barrel it is increasingly important to have clear concepts that should guide the hunter to the choice of gauge. This is necessary also to avoid taking simply the weapon identified by the seller; we have to instead make an informed choice with his advice.

The choice of gauge, at the same energy transported, should tend towards the smaller gauge, not so “bad” for the shoulder, but that preserves at the same time the good qualities of precision and is chambered from a large number of manufacturers to find the right weapon and a wide availability of ammunition.

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But even with these concepts it is necessary to make careful assessments: shot too light, although very fast, may find difficulty in killing stubborn game, exploding at the first contact with the tissues and causing only superficial wounds. This in alternative to shot with hard point that, if not meeting bones, pierces the soft tissues being unable to bring to bear on the game the right amount of useful energy to kill, a basic criterion for the hunt.

The hunting literature lists with certain gauges of historical reliability if used in their range of rational use in terms of shooting distances. The list is extensive but we can recal the 7×57 Mauser, the 7×64, the 5,6×57, the 30-30 W, the 30.06, the W 270, the W 308, the 22-250 and the powerful 300 H & H and 357 H & H.

But obviously the choice of gauge is also in function of the type of weapon that you are going to use. The logic of modern hunting with rifled barrel goes toward the specialization of the weapon and as for our game the maximum limit to be taken into consideration is the 30.06, being good for a big lone male wild boar. For other game, such as fallow deer and roe deer, we can consider it more than enough. But the concept is still controversial and hotly-debated among hunters and there are two well-defined schools of thought: one that wants to privilege the powerful gauge to avoid loss of the animal, and the other that focuses on the need to hit the game on the vital point though it’s small so favors small and fast gauges.

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Passing by hunters to experts in ballistics applied to hunting, their advice is to choose the gauge as small as possible in relation to the game, able to carry enough energy on the game for a clean kill in a range that can reach 270-330 yd. This assessment has a security exception if you hunt dangerous animals (if you really want to go to Africa) for which an excess of energy is useful to the security of the hunter.

There are also some logical criteria that you should consider in choosing the gauge relating the habitual environment of hunting:

a) mountain hunting or in open spaces: in this case the logic is to opt for a fast gauge with light shot;

b) hunting in woodland: here quick, light gauges are not to be considered suitable and the best choice for gauges with heavy shot;

c) hunting in different grounds; the case is not specialized and the advice is to opt for an intermediate gauge but it should be able to take in shot with a good range of weights to cover all needs.

An assessment that leads to the small or fast gauge in the mountains there is the result of a factor, the angle of the site. Using in those places fast shot in straight trajectory will help us enormously in the calculation of the angle at which to set the final aim.

A final element of assessment, which makes someone happy and others unhappy, is the combination gun-ammunition. Not all the ammunition have the same in compliance with different weapons; tolerances in camerature set by the manufacturer, the choice of materials for the barrels and their elasticity (there are many types of steel with very different elasticity) may give different results at the shooting. In this case for a hunter the best way to evaluate is test his rifle with ammunition up to define the most suitable ammunition to interface with it.

Alessio Ceccarelli

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RIFLED BARREL: FACTORS OF TRAJECTORY

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expert hunter, rifleOnce the bullet has left the barrel, its trajectory is not straight; it starts a descending parable that leads it inexorably to the ground. There are many factors that determine its fall down; the most relevant ones are the gauge, the force of gravity. the weight of the projectile, the initial speed, the air resistance.  It’s easy to understand the effects of the two external factors to the phenomenon ballistic, gravity and air resistance: as for any body suspended in the air, the force of gravity tends to draw it down, while in the case of air resistance it realizes the only effect of reducing the velocity of motion of the projectile. There is also another factor typical of the atmosphere: the “wave resistance”. It consists in the compression of air in front of the projectile when it travels nearby the speed of sound and opposes further resistance.

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The first thing to point out in the shot with a rifle, for sport or hunting, is that the sights are not on the same level with the barrel; the value is variable from 30 to 50 mm for the metallic sights until 60-80 mm of scope. It ‘important to know this distance in order to determine the zero point (ie projectile on the center of the target) of the various ammunition. Here are helpful the ballistic tables, but these indicate the average for each cartridge, suitable for all situations, but for the absolute accuracy, starting from these, it is necessary for the hunter or shooter to calcolate them everytime. In this case we have to remember that even for a single gauge there are many variants on the zero point because of the weight of the projectile and the type of charge.

The second element known for all is that while the line of sight is a straight line, the trajectory of the projectile is not, being as a parable which, for a large part of its stroke, is above the line of sight and then descends below. For accuracy, in its travel the projectile meets twice the line of sight: a first time when intersects it to pass above and a second time when crosses it to go toward the ground (zero point). Therefore, calibrating a weapon for example at 200 meters, the bullet, exiting the barrel, will be below the line of sight, then, in its central part, it will have risen above and then it will meet it in the 200 and then it will continue to descend. So if with a weapon perfectly calibrated to 200 meters I need to shoot at a target a hundred yards, I will have seek to under the center of the target by a distance of a few centimeters indicated by the ballistic tables.

Linked to descending part of the parable there is concept of coverage. This is the total space between the exit of the projectile from the barrel and the point where it touches the ground (reasoning on an hypothetical area completely horizontal). The maximum range (also 1.9-2.3 mi) is achieved with a weapon inclined by 45 ° (in the figure is given from the sum of the distances D1 + D2 + D3). Remaining within the hunting another element is more interesting: the useful coverage. This is the maximum distance within is possible to kill cleanly the game. Here the limit is reached between 320 to 430 yards fast gauge, but we have to advise to reduce it as much since at those distances perfectly is problematic to locate the point where to aim or other factors, not easily valuable, may come into as the crosswind.

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In its advancement in the trajectory the projectile meets the resistance of the air that has variable effect depending on its form. In this case we have to evaluate the sectional density of the projectile and its ballistic coefficient.

The sectional density is obtainable by a complex formula: division of shot weight by its diameter. At the same weight, a shot with a smaller diameter will have more ability to penetrate the air resistance. The greater the number of sectional density, the greater will be the penetration capacity of the air by the projectile.

The ballistic coefficient is obtained with another mathematical formula where the value previously obtained (sectional density) is divided by a coefficient of the form which varies for each type of shot. Also in this case the greater will be the result of the division more effective will be the air penetration of the shot. This is because the projectile, in its trajectory, will have a longer trajectory and a more tense, yielding less energy in the parable and then keeping it for the impact on the target on which comes with greater accuracy.

Alessio Ceccarelli

Beretta, products, accessories, hunting, shooting, outdoor

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THE HUNTING AMMUNITION FOR RIFLED 1° PART

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expert, hunter, rifle, ammunitionThe age in which was a great boost the development of modern ammunition for weapons for hunting and shooting rifled identifies the last two decades of the 1800s was the era in which it began to have the availability of smokeless powders, alternatively black which until then had been the only possible propellant in firearms.

The appearance of smokeless powder bore arms manufacturers to pursue the path considered easier, ie the conversion of weapons for hunting and target shooting, born progettualmente for black powder.

But they were pioneering years to the cartridge, because, despite having established the breech, the muzzle-loading yet absorbed the majority of the market and only in regard to the breech coexisted at least 3 systems: a central percussion, spiked and rimfire. The second type was soon abandoned, as the undisputed realm of percussion center, came alongside, coming up to the present day, the rimfire, always limited to small sizes and limited power. All designers, scientists and inventors who wrestled on the study and the patenting of new cartridges, especially hunting, always kept in mind, that the realization of any hunting ammunition, had to meet two basic features: the shooting accuracy and a good stopping power, the latter being understood as the ability of the projectile to “stop the wild.”

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But in hunting weapons, “stop target” meant very different from military weapons, in the same period in rapid evolution. In the latter, the stopping power is the capacity of ammunition to knock out an opponent, depriving him of his ability to harm: this other humanitarian aspects, namely to cause him the least possible damage was associated with the fact that a wounded soldier goes relief and more are injured, more “personal health military” will be used in the armies, to the detriment of the staff of the infantry.

There was also to be considered that the difficulties of designing a good cartridge military, are limited to the target “human”, whose body mass and therefore weight are included in a rather narrow range (140 -308 lb). But when you pass by weapons military weapons for hunting in concepts are quite different.

In this case stopping power means if possible to kill on the spot, or in any case inflict such wounds to immobilize the prey, preventing the escape or the reaction. Moreover, in contrast to those military cartridges for hunting, compared with wild range of physical characteristics quite dissimilar, as are very different resistances to blow. The range is very large since the rifled weapon is used on wild ranging from marmot elephant, and as is obvious, it is impossible to think provide a cartridge adapted to both.

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The stopping power is then physical concept, function of many variables, among which the main one is the energy possessed by the projectile at impact which is given by the difference between the kinetic energy in the launch point (muzzle) and the energy lost during the trip.

Luca Naticchi

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AFFINITY: THE THOROUGHBRED

Riccardo Ceccarelli, hunterWinning out over 12 months ago as the best rifle in 2013 by GOLDEN BULLSEYE AWARDS, which each year awards the best weapons, the Affinity is everywhere imposed as a successful product, which awarded him its form is sought or the pursuit of perfect fit” that makes it easy imbracciabile by anyone.

Perfect fit for a perfect swing

Not only perfect ergonomics but also very good quality and a more complete range to meet the needs of hunters selected by the taste. The quality goes through the selection of more resistant materials and sought to go further, and that is to bend the rules of mechanics and physics to the concepts of comfort and reduction of shock and vibration.

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Not only beautiful but well taken care of in the design!

Initially born in the wood version, now the range is complete. Over time we have added synthetic versions of total black” Camo for people who love to hide and blend, White for the most demanding taste, Sporting for lovers of the platform and the Compact that allows you to adjust the size of football according to the their needs.

A gun for every occasion!

Riccardo Ceccarelli

http://www.franchi.com
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=d3A-mrQU2eM

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HUNTING CARTRIDGES: ORIGINAL OR HOME-MADE?

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hunting womanThe cartridge is an important tool in hunting, because its operation depends on the outcome of the shot. Depending on the size, characteristics of the shotgun, kind of wild, firing range, environment and climate of the place of hunting, the hunter prefers a personal taste for a certain kind of ammunition.

This attitude is not followed by everyone, but, although in varying degrees, all of these conditions are important and determinant in the shooting.

The personal preference for the particular cartridges is, sometimes, not too rational; however, if the hunter does not have confidence in the cartridge that shoots, feels a lot of insecurity that inevitably increases the number of missed shots. Psychology and ballistics are mixed together in fact limiting the results of a day’s hunting.

Therefore, the hunter must be convinced to seek specific cartridges, and have the utmost account of an ammunition for its proven and effective performance, not for the color of the case and the box, not for the famous  name of the  powder.

It is unjustified the behavior of certain hunters who shoot regardless of any cartridge, or who uses only one type of ammunition for hunting, as otherwise it is not logical the attitude of those who are always looking a cartridge better then the previous, only to end up to blaming the cartridge in the case of “missed targets”. A little ‘balance” never hurts!

A good cartridge, if you decide to make a home loading, however, is the result of a rational loading, which claims experience on the behavior of various materials, theoretical knowledge of the basic physical laws that govern the entire phenomenon in arming explosive fire, as well that the motion of the pellets and their harmful effect on the game.

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You can then decide to load their own cartridges at home, or alternatively buy in the armory.

To have so excellent ammo, just buy the original brand cartridges. In the wide range of commercial products are excellent cartridges, where performance is effective in most of the operating conditions, only by changing the number of dots in relation to the size of the wild.

But if you need cartridges suitable for atmospheric temperatures too high or low, to a very humid climate, a reed with unusual drilling, or to particular shooting situations, only the loading personnel can solve the problem. Of course sometimes it will take a while to adjust a dose for the specific hunting requirements but modern powders much more stable than those of the past, give us a hand to move quickly toward a gratifying result. And then savor the taste of retro that has accompanied our grandparents in their passion. A world to be a bit ‘with them.

Teresa Renda

Beretta, products, accessories, hunting, shooting, outdoor

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EFFEBI FIREARMS: INNOVATORS BY TRADITION

For the gauge 16 there is a different matter: in the wake of the strong impulse given to the return of this gauge on the territory by  the Italian Club Gauge 16, the Effebi has implemented a specific model, the “Beta″, particularly  tidy and without a rib for improved vibration of the barrel and spherical viewfinder old style.

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Riccardo Ceccarelli, hunterEffebi is a factory in the industrial area of Concesio, gateway to the Valtrompia where the weapon-making wisdom is in its home. Established many years ago by Dr..Franco Beretta, already from the first steps of the activity it has always distinguished itself in the continuous search for ballistic solutions useful to hunters. The Val Trompia, as well as being the home of sporting and hunting weapons, it is also a place where hunters there have always been in great quantity: and therefore it is the ideal place to take from them a rich set of information about the needs that arise in hunting. And here in Effebi brilliant minds and make produce rifles that have only one prerogative: the satisfaction of the hunter. Yes, because in Effebi they are “innovators by tradition”.

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So if you pass by here, you will find them intent on developing and testing more than to produce in large quantities. In the company Dr. Franco is joined by his son Fabio, a skilled interpreter, in a modern key,  of the company philosophy and superfine manager that supports always with fantasy the hunter and his quest of hunting satisfaction.

Keen observer and curious technical and commercial experimenter, since I had the pleasure of his acquaintance, I saw him engage with extraordinary continuity and tenacity in finding solutions for both shotguns and rifles, hardly traceable in the catalogs of other companies. Specialist of small gauges for company tradition, Fabio passes from these to the higher gauges and the rifles with extraordinary ease, always managing to produce consistently hunting weapons that often ahead of their time and give the hunter the ideal solution for each hunt.

In his catalog is difficult to find “a normal weapon”, because that – as he himself says – everyone has one – while the same is rich in solutions for specific variants hunting that every hunter faces and on which may be fine any shotgun, but the one born to the particular need is certainly better. The  philosophy that Fabio has brought in his company is that the shotgun was born for one purpose: to hunt, facing the cold and water, scorching heat and shock. Hence the need to not enrich it with extreme aesthetic solutions (although asking it you’ll surely be content with extreme satisfaction), but to give it “what it takes” to ensure efficiency, strength and durability, the three basic requirements for a weapon that in the years will provide pleasure to the hunter and not to give him problems or to highlight limitations.

But let’s get to the weapons I would say “special”, starting from the shotgun.

Among the series of classic Effebi shotguns, one stands out from the reeds with very short barrels.

shotgun, side by side, huntnig, omega

It’s the Queen Omega designed and manufactured for woodcock hunting that, because of the environment in which pitfall, creates many problems for our game bag. Here the hunting problems of the queen of the wood find their worthy solution and the shotgun is particularly handy with his short barrels that have a particularly large chokes combinable successfully with dispersants cartridges on the market to provide a particularly large and well distributed pattern. It’s made in 12 gauge to provide the highest volume of fire and has low weight; it is the ideal answer for those walk for steep slopes for the entire day, searching the woodcook.

side-by side, hunting, shotgun, single barrel

But the production of shotguns Effebi reserve another amazing gem. It’s a shotgun for fire position hunting that has the two barrels slightly divergent able to fire simultaneously. Even in this case the company has researched the most appropriate solution for those who see get thrown on a group of birds and know thet can to hit just one. This is no longer true, to the satisfaction of the palate of the hunter of migratory birds. The shotgun provides “8” pattern for the partial overlap of the two. The absolute success for the small migratory birds hunting.

In the catalog there’s also a shotgun slug (Omega Slug) expressly created for hunting wild boar in gauge 12 and 20 with generous organs of sight with notch on the raised thickness of sighting bar.

These are flanked by the weapons in small gauge 28 and .410 (Master Slim) who have received in recent years a great success.

effebi, single barrell, hunting, shotgun

Other specialist weapons are shown in the catalog Effebi. In particular, they have an interpretation the classic “single smooth barrel” In Effebi this weapon, considered by many a lower weapon, assumes a rank distinctly different. It is produced not only in the gauges considered classics for such a weapon 24, 28, and 8 .410 gauges Flobert but also in 12, 16 and 20 following the commercial success in South America where this type of weapon is particularly required to hunt the hare and the local partridge with long barrels and full chokes.

The single barrel “Beta” is produced with the variation of the key opening positioned or above the receiver or alternatively in the lower part as in the classic tradition of Italic single barrel, with or without a ventilated barrel rib. It has a stock with a generous pistol grip and equally generous is the forend for a firm grip of the weak hand, which is necessary when you switch from the .410 version to charges 16 or 12.

For the 16 is a different matter: in the wake of the strong impulse given to the return of this gauge on the territory of the Italian Club active Gauge 16, the Effebi has implemented a specific model, the “Beta Effebi single barrel 16 gauge hunting beta Classic old Style 16″, particolrmente groomed and without a rib for improved vibration of the rod and spherical viewfinder old style.

It’s a low cost shotgun (this year for use in a Long Test the founder of the Club) that sedicisti will certainly not escape.

 But with the Beta they have not finished to surprise at all. Its versions in gauge .410 and 8 Flobert (Beta 110) are equipped with a interchangeable choke with an extension of 40 cm which brings the barrel from 70 to 110 cm, so the hunter has the opportunity to have a small gauge of extraordinary scope and with a noise impact limited, very useful when you don’t want to worry the game.

Specialists in folding arms, Effebi did not forget to impress even in terms of supperposed. There are two classic weapons in the company’s production: the folding supperposed s proposed in gauges .410 and 28. There is also another superposed, a non-selective single trigger in .410 gauge, fully folding and made ​​of cylindrical barrels of short length (only 56 cm), designed to meet two kinds of users: the woodcook’s hunters suited to action sports and alternatively the wild bora’s hunters that very often shoot dry shots even in small gauge to free the dogs from the risk of wild boar stopped in the bushes.

There are also an entire range of  folding over and under  and the excellent Black Diamond, over and under  of unique elegance, available in 28 gauge and .410 in hunting and sporting version.

over and under, shotgun, hunting, shooting, compak sporting

Even in the field of rifles, Effebi not let slip the opportunity to propose with extreme originality its interpretation of the hunting rifle. The Terminator is what we can call “Kipplauf Italian”; it’s a weapon completely folding over itself, it has a slide weaver for mounting optics, the barrels of high quality steel and wood in walnut of a high degree with stock with cheekpiece and ending with a black rubber recoil pad.

The Terminator is produced in many different gauges and is oriented to selection hunters that operate such hunting in difficult terrain such as the Alps or the Apennines. Here the rifle Effebi gives the best demonstration of herself for the weight and the way in which it can be folded.

hunting, kipplauf, effebi, rifle

I conclude this brief excursus on Effebi with a clarification; as you may have noticed I have not talked about traditional shotguns or semi-automatic that although the company has a catalog. I spoke of specificity, of ideas generated from a lot of speaks made ​​between the owners of the company and the hunters.

And we discussed the company’s catalog as a cylinder from which Franco and Fabio, with extraordinary continuity, manage to extract solutions designed exclusively for the satisfaction of our incurable followers of Diana.

 Riccardo Ceccarelli

Beretta, products, accessories, hunting, shooting, outdoor