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moumou

THE RIFLE FOR THE MOUNTAIN

reaload made in italy

hunting womanThe single bullet and rifled barrel are essential elements for the mountain big game because the real hunt works only with a smart and controlled selection of game. Between weapon and prey creates a sort of addiction, where each game species should influence the choice of the rifle, both in relation to the scope, the deadliness of the caliber, the accuracy, the system to repeat the stroke, weight, and not for the last the pointing scopes.

Not always, however, the choice of the rifle admits a unique solution, in fact sometimes the hunter has a certain freedom of decision, when faces with forms of hunting that can be charged with satisfaction with weapons of different kinds. The hunter, in this case, is not bound by technicalities, but comes in a subjective criterion of evaluation, given by the individual experience of hunting, by the personal choice and by the way he approaches the game. The rifled weapon is always been preferred in the alpine hunts, it has very long range, great precision, big deadliness and shot quite tense determined by the rotational motion that is stamped by the rifling of the barrel. The parallel express or the superposed, the compounds formed by a variation of “combination” and the single barrels or kipplauf  belong all to the group of tilting rifled weapons.

rifle hunting mountain

The latter has a single shot and it is especially suitable for high mountain hunts because of the lightness and precision. In some models it is equipped with double trigger or stencher to lighten the shot and always with scope with interlocking mountings. Generally the gauge chambered in kipplauf is not very powerful, but the weapon, light, disassembled or folded, can easily be transported in big backpack of alpine hunters, including optics. The single barrel is used by a small elite of enthusiasts, in approach hunting or fire position hunting to chamois and deer. To have a single shot does not constitute a disadvantage as you might imagine, because in these hunting activities there is a need for the rapid repetition of the shot.

Express rifles of medium and small gauge are not generally used in the mountains because more suited to short shots,  extremely rare in these environments; the combined rifles, generally with two barrels, one smooth and the other rifled, can give the advantage of being used for game of a different nature and size, to shoot both a ptarmigan that to a chamois.  They are chambered in different gauges for the rifled barrel as regards the rifled barrel and with 20 or with 16 for smooth barrel. The rifles belong to rifled shotgun with single barrel, not swinging; also these are used particularly in hunts that require precision shots such as mountain hunts.

hunting mountain rifle

They usually have simple manual repetition; they are divided into three categories, for the pump system, at lever and with slipping bolt action. The latter, by tradition and precision, is the system most widely preferred by mountain hunters in Europe. The most advanced and efficient design of the entire category of revolving action is the “Mauser system” in 1898. The action type Mauser has a cylindrical shape formed by the machining processing of a special steel bar.

The action is hollow, because inside are housed the main spring and the firing pin with exterior handle, curved downwards and connected to the action; it acts as a lever allowing the rotation of 90° and the sliding action.

Other systems of repetition, both ancient and modern, realize the action closure in a very different way from that of the Mauser, through a different number of fins, or with crampons of different shape and placed in the rear instead of in the head of the action, resulting in the closure and fitting back in the back guide ring of the castle. All they have a very simple and robust mechanism, they are resistant to oxidation, do not fear the abuse and they work in all environmental conditions. The Mauser system is very versatile and can be used in many gauges and do not know the danger jams. The reliability, the precision, the predisposition to be mounted and the flat trajectory also at long range make the Mauser system suitable for shots longer than 200-250 meters, very frequent in mountain.

Teresa Renda

closed cartidge crimping round and star

THE CARTRIDGE CLOSING: ROUND OR STAR?

stock, forend, shotgun

hunting womanIn the rifled guns, the cartridge case of the cartridge is closed at the apex by the bullet, which engages the neck and is stopped in the seat by means of crimping. The case of shot cartridges causes the fractionation of the charge in a column of small independent projectiles, it requires instead of being clogged at the apex by a sealing disc and a rim of stationary, or by a folding towards the center, of the same tube of cartridge case.

crimping star cartidges

The first shutter system is called “round crimp“, instead the second, the most modern, is called “star crimp.” The two systems make cartridge autonomous and transportable because they maintain firmly the structure of the internal components, protecting them from moisture of the environment. The crimp is practiced through a coil, placed in rapid rotation by a manual operation hemmer machine or by an electric motor with a low number of revolutions.

The profile of the coil varies according to the shape of the rim, the speed of rotation and the type of material that forms the tube of used casings (cardboard or plastic). The edging round with section with two folding edges rounded suits lively powders because, of equal height, has a lower resistance than the other types, while the hemming square section, where there are the corners, was abandoned because generates pressures too high and is more difficult to perform.

round crimping cartridges ammunition

In casings cardboard is practiced on a round edge on 5-7 mm of the tube, adjusting this height with respect to the resistance of the cardboard, to the weight of the shot charge, the type of wad and the liveliness of the powder. In the cartridge plastic cases the rim height ranges 6-8 mm because this material has a lower resistance at the performance being more malleable at high temperatures of firing. Too low crimps are not recommended because, offering little resistance, cause a slow and incomplete combustion of the powder with the formation of dangerous “fires long.” Regarding the star crimp, is decidedly more modern compared round crimp.

I was produced by practicing at the top of the tube 6-8 longitudinal folds, using a special coil called “engraver” (6 folds is the traditional European close, 8 folds is typically American). Following a second coil crushes these folds towards the center, in contact with the column of the shot, practicing by rotating a circular outer edge, similar to the round crimp. The height of the outer circular edge adjusts the resistance to the carrying out of the closure on the carton and on the plastic, even if the two materials require a different form of engraver and of coil crimp. A regular star crimp closure must occupy approximately 11-12 mm in free cartridge case; this measure varies according to the thickness and type of material of the tube, the height of the outer circular edge, the shape and the width of the edge section. A lightweight closure can be used to reduce the maximum pressure of the cartridge, while a very tall and narrow closure may partially compensate for a lack of clogging.

The round crimp gives an increased resistance in the phase of initial sbossolamento, but an effort of extracting total minor in comparison of star crimp. With the edge round the charge at the beginning of his movement should exert more pressure to curl the tube, then finds a minimum sliding friction within the cartridge case. With the star crimp, the charge exerts less pressure in the conduct of external light edging, while meets a higher resistance and more continuous stretching the folds of the ripple of the tube, during the passage of the shot column and of the wad.

round and star crimping ammunition

For this reason the star crimp requires a lower dose of powder. The advantage of the star crimp in hunting cartridges is the abolition of the sealing disc, which has eliminated, in part, the famous “empty pattern”; it tends to reduce the dispersion of 5%, because it gets, in the swarm of patter, the “melted “ disposition, facilitating the penetration of the air and thus improving the remaining speed of the lead. In the past, the star crimp gave certain loading problems, employing cartridge cases of poor length, voluminous powder and heavy charges, while today the problem is solved with the use of a cup obturator that allow to reduce to the minimum the height of the column of the wad.

Teresa Renda

shotgun benelli ethos

BENELLI’S ETHOS VOTED THE BEST SEMI-AUTOMATIC SHOTGUN

The Benelli Ethos is attracting more and more attention. Already one of the best selling semi-auto shotguns in North America, it has now been voted the best semi-automatic shotgun of 2014 by the American magazine Guns & Ammo.

shotgun benelli ethos

A number of features contributed to the Ethos’ selection as one of the most distinctive products on the market today. In particular, it was chosen for its performance, durability, quality and intrinsic value. Benelli was also praised for the attention given to customers both during and after the purchase. Benelli has always been proud of its customer service and now the quality of that service has been recognised on the other side of the Atlantic too. Meanwhile, on the Italian market, the Raffaello Deluxe, a more refined version of the American Ethos, was introduced a few months ago.

This new semi-automatic, which sells alongside the Power Bore and Black versions, has added even more choice to the Raffaello range.

gauges, shotgun, hunting, 12 ga, 16, ga, 20 ga, 24 ga, 28, ga, 32 ga, 36 ga, .410 ga

THE VARIETY OF GAUGES IN A HUNTING SHOTGUN

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small hunting, shotgun, cartidges

The origin of the definition of the gauges for smooth-bore weapons is attributed to the British who called them in relation to the number of spherical balls of the same diameter can be obtained from a pound of lead. For this reason, the smaller the gauge, the greater the number that identifies it. In the age of front loader firearms, there was no real definition of the gauge because black powder and lead were paid into the barrel and taking shape and volume dates from the tube.

gauges, shotgun, hunting, 12 ga, 16, ga, 20 ga, 24 ga, 28, ga, 32 ga, 36 ga, .410 ga

Turning to the creation of the cartridges, it was necessary to define standards so that all the ammunition produced for a shotgun had the same section. But there were many states with different measure units so in Liege, in 1911, were defined dimensions and related tolerances. This is true for the chamber of the cartridge that can take inside equal size cartridges, but the gauge of the barrel may vary so it can shoot balls also very different from each other. Let’s take an example. The Convention C.I.P. states that the chamber of cartridge can vary between 18.2 mm and 18.6 mm in gauge 16, and the chamber between 20.3 mm and 20.4 mm in gauge 12.

The work of the hunting shotgun

The shotgun has the purpose to perform a job using the energy produced by the combustion of gunpowder. Part of this energy is absorbed by the passive resistance of the barrel, another part is converted into heat and another part generates the thrust of the hunting shots. This last part is defined as “useful work” of shotgun. The energy called “kinetic energy” that animates the shots will be greater as much as greater will be the “useful work”.

The useful work of the shotgun is made up of three components: average pressure in the barrel, section of the barrel, length of the barrel. If we consider a length of fixed barrel, if the section is reduced, and therefore the gauge, increases the operating pressure. But this pressure can not increase without limit both for safety reasons, but also because it would distort the hunting shots that should lose their spherical shape. For this reason the weight of the charge that a rifle can launch remains linked to the diameter of the barrel, and then to the gauge. In the final analysis it is therefore possible to say that the smooth-bore hunting shot can shoot heavier loads if the caliber is large or, and this is very important, shotguns at the same weight charge develops lower pressures.

The gauges

Traditionally gauges of shotguns are divided into 4 categories:

1) BIG GAUGES – (4 – 8 – 10) – In practice no longer used (except the 10 in some countries) because are impractical to use and designed to shoot too heavy loads.

 2) AVERAGE GAUGES – (12 – 16-20) – Used a lot around the world. They are to be considered the best compromise for all the small game. The gauge 12 is the most used, but the use of gauge 20 is also good. The gauge 16 was not used and was almost disappeared until it is resumed in some countries. In Italy there is a very active Club (www.calibro16.it) bringing it back to its former splendor.

 3) SMALL GAUGES – (24-28 – 32-36) – Used in Europe for small birds, they have seen a rapid reduction in their use almost unti to disappear (24-32). Others gauges, instead, in recent years, have had a second life (28-36) also to be used on the fields of skeet shooting. In particular, the gauge 36, in its magnum version (ie. 410) has always had a wide use in the United States and is having an interesting use even in some European countries.

 4) MINIMUM GAUGES – (9 mm, 8 mm, 6 mm) – Not used to hunt for their low ability to break down the game.

gauges, shotgun, hunting, 12 ga, 16, ga, 20 ga, 24 ga, 28, ga, 32 ga, 36 ga, .410 ga

The prohibition in the USA and in most countries of Europe of the big guns allowed to develop in the 12-gauge and 20-gauge the Magnum concept. These have the ability to shoot effectively both standard charges of shooting shots that oversize that arrive at the bigger gauge. This development was made possible thanks to modern steel manufacturing industry and to hunting powder production.

Teresa Renda

Beretta, products, accessories, hunting, shooting, outdoor

express, hunting rifle

EXPRESS: CHARM AND CONVENIENCE

stock, forend, shotgun

Teresa Renda woman hunterSuitable for killing prey quickly and accurately, without spoiling by excess power, without causing injury and suffering to the game because of lack of damaging capacity, these rifles are the excellence for medium and large game hunting. The choice of the right weapon is not only a requirement of hunting, but an element based on serious scientific evaluations.

The Express was created to replace the larger-caliber rifles, muzzle-loading or breech, with which the hunters of the last century faced dangerous game, firing heavy lead shot propelled by huge doses of black powder. More manageable and lethal weapons were necessary. These types of two-barrels rifles are now manufactured by many companies, in powerful gauges reserved for bigger game and in medium gauges used mainly in some European or American hunts.

The price is usually high because the process requires a large amount of highly skilled labor. The express is used to hunt large dangerous animals, in short and medium distance ranges, because it allows instant repeat firing, it doesn’t jam, and its mechanics hardly ever fail.

rifle, express, gun. hunting

Changing the type of cartridge or changing slightly the firing range, the Express’ accuracy can be harmed. It is capable of chambering all gauges, from small .22 rimfire ignition to the 700 Nitro Express, making it suitable for hunting any species of animal. It can have adjacent or overlapping barrels, short batteries ANSON type or long battery mounted on side plates, normal or automatic ejectors, one or two triggers.

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hunting, rifle, gun, express

It is a type of rifle that can not allow for mediocrity of execution and requires an accurate adjustment when shooting. The side by side barrels express are made also with short batteries Anson & Deeley type, but more often with batteries Holland & Holland with double bar safety and dual closure Purdey almost always helped in this task by a third lock type round plug Greener, or an head doll Westley Richards. The third closure is almost essential in high gauge express to resist the frightening stresses of firing powerful cartridges. The superposed express by its nature is much more accurate, and also requires a more easy adjustment when shooting because it doesn’t have lateral deviations of the barrels to correct, it is not subject to bending of the barrels downwards, in particular in bigger power gauges.

It is almost always more robust because of the “U” shape of the receiver that hugs the barrels and that allows coaxial symmetric closures.

Teresa Renda

Beretta, products, accessories, hunting, shooting, outdoor

Teresa Vail, Franchi, hunters, hunting, shotgun

THERESA VAIL THE FACE OF NORTH AMERICA FRANCHI

Theresa Vail, Miss Kansas 2013, the new face of the Franchi for the important North American market. A graduate in Psychology, is a sergeant in the National Guard USA and is a true concentrate of passions which prevail among the hunting, boxing and skydiving.

Theresa Vail, huntesm Franchi shotgun

Very fond of hunting is the female lead of “Limitless with Theresa,” USA television series airing on Outdoor Channel.

The director of Franchi, Dr. Bruno Beccaria, is extremely pleased with the partnership that will broaden the worthy users Franchi in the North American continent. In particular, believes that cooperation let you bring Francs and hunting both young male and female.

It ‘s very important - says Beccaria - the hunter / huntress of our days is a fan of outdoor activities 360 ° and Theresa Vail is the right person to take this project forward common approach of the young men and women to hunt .

By the editorial staff

 

telescope, huntin, zeiss victory V8, hunter optics

TELESCOPE ZEISS VICTORY V8: EVOLUTION TO TOP

stock, forend, shotgun

Riccardo Ceccarelli, hunterZeiss, in the world of hunting is undoubtedly a milestone, not only for its historic presence at the side of the hunter, but because he has always endeavored to provide the tool that would facilitate the better.

This commitment and deep knowledge of the various types of hunting, has enabled the company to not ever focus on maximizing an aspect, but to move the bar higher and higher global development, producing optical hunting at the top for ease of use , versatility, robustness and performance. This is the philosophy by which Zeiss has never moved away and that is what has been entered, as usual, moreover, in his line of rifle scopes Victory V8.

The goal he has set himself the German company was to create, in respect of the maximum technically achievable performance, a telescope broad spectrum of use, ensuring high quality of use to both the hunter is to use a short stalking, to the one who performs pointings over long distances. Objectives hunting extreme that only a company that combines expertise in optical and electronic technology if you could imagine to pursue and achieve.

zeiss, victory V8, telescope, hunting

The Victory V8 is a summary of everything: versatility, great brightness and extraordinary compactness in relation to the many technological solutions intergrated into it.

Starting the analysis from what is undoubtedly the cornerstone of the optical scopes, the brightness, it is noted that the Victory V8 has a level of light transmission of 92%, simply outstanding when you consider that we’re talking about with a view zoom, rather than a superzoom, however, has an extraordinary visual field that reaches 23 degrees.

And we all know what this factor is crucial when the wild is covered with a dense shadow at the edge of a forest at dusk or even worse; under these conditions limit brightness and sharpness make the difference and get the Zeiss, thanks to the extraordinary effectiveness of the group lenses / glass SCHOTT HT that enhance brightness in the image.

zeiss, victory V8, telescope, hunting

Consolidated factor brightness, absolutely essential with a view to the intended acquisition fast and immediate recognition of the target, the Zeiss Victory V8 project has focused on other factors essential for the hunter.

Zeiss Victory riflescope V8 optical cacciaIl red dot has a new technological genesis, obtained by projection with a 45 ° angle which puts him exactly in the middle of a lattice in which it was taken care of in the best refinement of the size of the lines, not to make them invasive in vision, but useful support targeted.

zeiss, victory V8, telescope, huntingVictory In V8 these are 1/10 the size of a human hair. Translated into practice every day, only 7 mm of coverage with a target placed at 100 meters and 10 magnifications, finding more than excellent! At the center of the red dot of the same, very small, so that 100 meters is minimally cover the surface of a coin of 1 euro cent. Extraordinary!

Thanks to its high technical skills in electronics and in relation to the same point and the red lighting system, Zeiss has focused on energy savings, considering this factor is critical when you are in the field hunting. The Victory V8 is therefore provided with a specific sensor capable of detecting the position of the weapon and stop on this basis the energy consumption of the optics. When the lens is directed upwards or mail lying sideways, the sensor turns off the system, then turn it back on with the same settings prior to the return potential of the weapon in the firing angle.

Zeiss entering this solution in his V8, also demonstrated great knowledge of the many variants of the hunt, contemplating a solution of manual intervention for hunting, such as alpine, in which sometimes the corner of the site is so important to be able to get to the range of automatic deactivation of the lighting system. A simple button allows the hunter to turn off the sensor while maintaining active lighting system and reactivate it at will with immediate procedure.
zeiss, victory V8, telescope, hunting

While maintaining the same level of brightness and brilliance Zeiss has set itself the goal of Victory V8 exceed 56 clicks possible with its system + ASV. The large capacity of the German company, in the mechanical processing of absolute precision, allowed the system to evolve into a new one, called AVS LongRange that enslaves the magnificently long distance shooting, being equipped with 100-click (lots and lots) perfectly perceptible in the rotation even with gloved hand and very useful in the choice of shooting. The pride in the system LongRange is the management mechanism of lateral drift, tool extremely useful, when as in the case of the Alpine valleys, the wind and the consequent displacement of trajectory element are to be considered in long-range shooting.

zeiss, victory V8, telescope, hunting

New dimension of the tube, brought to 36 mm, which are visually imperceptible elegant general optics, but essential to support the achievement of the 100 possible click AHV and immediate adjustment of the reticle.

Thanks to these solutions, the Victory V8 is usable with extraordinary efficiency in shooting at long distances (up to 700 meters) equipped with 10 ballistic rings are easily interchangeable, allowing you to better manage and without demanding processing, all offices and gauges present on the market. This is not a trivial solution if you think just the opportunity that offers: defined caliber and its behavior in relation to this, the ring chose to mount, with the weapon zeroed at 100 meters has ended pre-job hunting. When commissioning aims you will only turn the turret ring on the distance of competence that is not here only goes from 100 to 100 but also on intermediate distances of 50, 15, 10 meters. Big factor positivity in search of the most effective shot.

zeiss, victory V8, telescope, hunting

The system brightness adjustment is positioned on the side of the eyepiece simplified and reduced in the masses, so as to give additional balance to the line of optics.

Two models are available, a 1.8 - 2.8, and a 14×50 - 20×56.

The first is to consider the optical pointing versatile for excellence, given that the able to pass from a magnification factor of 1.8 to 14, the accessory makes it suitable to the rifle, it is intended to hunting in abutment or MEP all’appostamento on long shots.

The model 2.8 - 20×56 is undoubtedly intended for those who frequently perform long-distance shots with the zoom factor of 20, which matches well with the ASV LongRange fitted as standard and with exceptional sharpness and brightness, even in conditions of very low light.

zeiss, victory V8, telescope, hunting

Objective versatility achieved so full from Zeiss, with the pursuit of further goals of efficiency for the target viewer

Riccardo Ceccarelli

Beretta, products, accessories, hunting, shooting, outdoor

pump, shotgun, huntes, hunting

AND MADE FROM THE MASTER SEMIAUTO

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Teresa Renda woman hunterThe history of hunting weapons used is as old as man, but not We aim to tell it. It would take an encyclopedia to also expand the discourse on social needs and often the food that gave the design of the weapons but here we simply highlight the last in order of time, the semi-automatic. If we restrict the time period of the history of hunting when firearms smooth bore, made their appearance, and began to be used profitably, the narration is restricted to the last centuries. In recent years, the great man’s growth in the knowledge of metalworking and refinement of powder (black at first and then smoke), led to the design and production of many variants of the so-called “shotgun”.

Originally, the single barrel on the gun carriage which were side by side double-barreled first parallel and then superimposed, giving rise to two milestones. Then one day he came back to a single barrel with a new exciting: that same barrel could fire more shots in sequence. The idea was original and meant to help the only barrel available a system that in some way the nourished ammunition. The roads were two. A system of manual repeater with a mechanism to “pump” that is driven by the shooter’s hand that holds the shaft of the rifle. The system was particularly pleasing to hunters in North America and still is very much appreciated.

hunters, shotgun, semi auto

A second system opted for the semi-automatic recharge, using various modes with the energy released by the explosion of the shot. He was and still is the semi-automatic, produced by most companies gunsmith systems with reset that time were also very different to today but have focused on a few well-defined technical choices, which we will report briefly hereinafter. But as the substantial difference in terms of ease of use of the two hunting repeater systems (manual or semi-automatic)? Having tried them both several times a thing stands out to the eye in relation to the shooting of hunting. Very often there is a need to double the shot and this imposes certain prerogative to maintain a proper line of sight to the target.

And the rifle in general this does not help us because the shooter to submit a recoil that shakes the body and normally tends to “wheelie”. But so far we know well and our whole body is committed to combat this phenomenon linked to the explosion of the shot. In the time interval between the first and the second shot, however, something happens. The semi-automatic, through its mechanism, will re-engage with some very fast times and practically not at all distracting the shooter remains committed to follow the trajectory of the wild. The pump instead requires the shooter to the operation of the retraction of the rod and the next riavanzamento at the end of the race. Resetting it will never be as fast as that managed by the spring series of semi-automatic and otherwise provides for a joint movement difficult synchronized with the line continue to follow the path of the wild.

pump, shotgun, huntes, hunting

In other words, the gun moves, although many excellent shooters Americans say that with a good workout in the movement of the weapon charge is irrelevant. Let’s talk about excellent or samples of the shot is not the most hunters. This factor has contributed to prefer, in particular in Europe and the almost absolute totality with the semi-automatic to the pump while the latter having a much lower production cost. Therefore, the semi-automatic has established itself right in the continent in which he was born shotgun modern and ousted him from the sales charts in a very important. The history of semi-automatic hunting began oddly enough with an American (Browning) who has established himself with his invention in Europe.

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His invention Auto 5, initially almost copied by other European producers and that over the past thirty years has become de finitely story for the advent of new systems of semi-automatic rearmament considered the most modern and effective, such as gas recovery and the inertial system. These systems, which have reduced the number and the total mass in motion, helping to keep the weapon is aimed at best. Systems in use today, just to stay in Italy (which are the most popular manufacturers in the world) from Beretta, Benelli, Franchi, Fabarm, Winchster, Regminton and other smaller producers. Systems that will appreciate in more detail in subsequent articles.

Teresa Renda

Beretta, products, accessories, hunting, shooting, outdoor

Shotgun, hunting, hunters, rifle fit

FIT A RIFLE PART 1

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Many factors are involved in the shot with a rifle. One factor that is not well understood by many shooters, and receives too little attention by most of us, it l’adattamento of the gun to the shooter.

Since we generally do not have the possibility to choose between different configurations calciature, but we have to accept the gun as it was built, we tend not to pay much attention to what is involved in adapting the weapon, we are content to shoot with what we have. The various factors in the game are easy to understand, and each shooter of long guns should have confidence.

Shotgun, hunting, hunters, rifle fit

Some definitions are needed for the discussion.

In the drawing, the dashed line that extends from the tip of the barrel “C” is the line of sight. The heel and toe -hell- -toe- football are indicated, such as calcium -butt-, with the butt plate. Let us now consider the measurements shown, and we give them a meaning.

If we draw a perpendicular from the line of sight down to the crest of football, as indicated in “BB”, this distance is called the “distance hake” (drop at comb). This is probably the most critical of all the factors that affect the fit. E ‘to the point of hake that our cheek pose while aiming. If this distance is right, when you “weld” our cheek on it, our eyes naturally falls in line with the aims.

We are able to take up the gun to our shoulder with a quick shot, and we should not change the position before firing. Became obvious that this measure is extremely important for a shotgun, or for any long gun with no rear sight. The distance of the hake is the rear sight.

If the nose is too high, even the eye is forced upwards, and we tend to shoot up. To counter this trend, we push our cheek too strong against the football, trying to lower his eyes. This is not a comfortable and natural way to target, and also lead to a strong blow to the cheek due to the recoil of the rifle.

If the nose is too low, the eye is too low, and we tend to shoot low. To avoid this, we are to support our very lightly on the cheek, nose, or even take lightly our cheek from football. It is certainly not good for accuracy. The average distance to the nose of the American rifles in recent years is in the range of 1.5 to 1.75 inches, equal to 38 ÷ 45mm.

Pulling a perpendicular from the line of sight to the heel, “CC”, the measure is called the “distance to the heel” (drop at hell). This is much less important for adaptation of the weapon of the distance to the nose.

Considering that a small change in the distance to the nose can make a big difference, a fairly wide range of distance measurements to the heel can be conveniently used according to the average shooter.

One thing that does not change with this measure is the perceived recoil. A rifle with a small distance to the heel is said to have a kick “straight.”

The recoil is more in line with football, more directly on the shoulder with a kick straight and more comfortable for most shooters. Kicks with a large distance to the heel can provide a lot of pain to shoot, because hake recoils against her cheek. The Americans are a comfortable distance to the heel in a field that ranges from 2.25 to 3.0 inches, equal to 57 ÷ 76 mm.

The distance “DD” in the drawing is called “distance from the trigger” (trigger pull). It is a very important measure when considering the suitable adaptation of a football. It is defined as the distance from the center of the butt (butt) in the center of the trigger. Became also understandable that it is also a direct measure of the length of the stock of a rifle any.

Too great a distance away from the shooter holds the rifle, it tends to move the cheek forward and brings the football back in an attempt to compensate. Calcium also tend to get tangled in the clothes quickly when it wields the rifle.

A distance is too short inconvenient for alignment, forcing the shooter to keep his face back, away from the breech, to maintain correct alignment. A distance too short will also result to send the thumb of the shooter to hit him on the nose under the effect of recoil.

An average shooter can be considered a remote trigger from 13 to 14 inches, approximately 33 to 35.5 cm. This really depends on how high the shooter, and how long are his arms. Many rifles ancients had a short distance, about 12 inches, but most modern shooters is a comfortable distance of 13:25 ÷ 13.5 inches (33.5 ÷ 34.2 cm).

Bob Spencer & Claudio Leonetti

Beretta, products, accessories, hunting, shooting, outdoor

small hunting, shotgun, cartidges

HUNTING CARTRIDGES FOR SMALL GAME

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small hunting, shotgun, cartidgesWith the arrival of September, the small game is set up in our country, especially pheasants, hares and partridges. In this period, therefore, the Wild also has all the physical characteristics that allow it to be able to implement the necessary defenses to counteract the activity carried out by the Hunter.

It is also l’epoca you open hunting sedentary, which goes live on the day of the opening to the closing which usually coincides, at least for some species, or just before the end of the calendar year.

small hunting, shotgun, cartidges

Like any type of hunting that also has features for its permanent involving The use of firearms and calibrated in a certain way and with certain characteristics. Became this type of hunting for old hunters, maybe still in business, but are part of a generation or two ago, brings back the memories associated with many moments such as, for example, an opening very rich prey affected, or of strokes particularly difficult that led to excellent results with l’uccisione trophies, such as the hare that, in hunting sedentary, represents a trophy for a hunter always coveted.

What are the appropriate tools to perform effective town’s how much fun hunting resident? We seek here to make a classification, the most concise as possible, that surely little new give the expert hunter but that, on the contrary, may be useful for the novice.

A) The hunter must have a good shotgun 12 gauge or even 20, it is obvious that caliber will also vary depending on the types of cartridges to be used. The gun must be in a suitable condition at the level of cleanliness, especially the battery and / and rods and have all of its parts in perfect working order to avoid having a weapon ballistically invalid and, moreover, even dangerous to those who use it .

Do a thorough maintenance of a’arma at the end of the hunting season, with identical operation to be repeated just before the start of the next, always represent the best viaticum.

It is often recommended that a quick glance dall’armiere generally see immediately if there is any imperfection and, perhaps, the need to replace a few pieces.

Among the types of guns is not any one in particular is to be preferred, we say that the most popular are the shotguns, the automatic and superimposed all good weapons.

small hunting, shotgun, cartidges

B) The most suitable cartridge for hunting preferable to sedentary is loaded with a dose of lead medium-high; can happen, for example, which can break down a fairly volatile sized with a small caliber, but this will happen if you shoot a short distance behind the dog and l’alzata, however, always with a minimum of luck.

Generally we use the so-called “improperly” armored cartridges that have a base whose height varies from 3 to 4 cm. The name of this cartridge is improper because, in a future article, we will see the characteristics of the cartridge “Battleship” proper.

Generally, the cartridge case back with height 3 cm is always more than good, even if the eye of the hunter, see the bottom of the cartridge with a cartridge from 4-5 cm to always have the feeling of having in his hands a lot more cartridge performance.

C) The dots to be used must have a charge that goes from 34 to 38 g; if you shoot a wild tonnage of an adult pheasant, the numbering of the shot generally varies from 7.8 for shooting at short range when the wild part as a result of the lift of the dog, up to 6.5 or even the 4 especially if you shoot in the open countryside, at distances that are often at the limit of the range of the shot.

If you are in a forest, or place, however, impervious and low visibility, where the pheasant gets up in the short range of the shot, it is good to use as a substantial number 4 which may seem exaggerated, but it is often because must overcome the obstacles located in the woods and / or in the undergrowth, such as leaves, twigs, etc. ..

D) The powders used for hunting sedentary generally consist of slow-burning propellants but highly progressive. The pressure that the cartridges are loaded with these powders generate approximately 700 bar, loads perfectly acceptable for a normal rifle, although generating a recoil quite dry. Are commercially available cartridges are much more powerful though, in my opinion, over-sized for the sedentary, that is very extreme cartridges that can get inside the barrel to generate up to 1,000 bar.

These cartridges belong to the category of those with “high performance”. Manufacturers, in packs containing this type of cartridges, clearly show these high-performance and their consequences in terms of pressures they generate, not so much to ensure the hunter on the results that can be achieved, but to warn of the risk that may result The use of these cartridges.

It can happen that the hunter possesses a gun, maybe even old and which has not been approved over the 800/900 bar.

  In these cases it is best to stay away from the cartridges to “high performance” in order to avoid serious damage to their health.

E) The wads that are used can be either plastic container with vegetable fiber. As a general advice, but of course is at the discretion of the hunter, it is advisable to insert a cartridge into the barrel first with felt wad, then a second with a wad of plastic because, in the case of departure of the volatile as a result of the dog and close range, the first may be more effective; then if you need the so-called second shot, you will use the one with the wad of plastic that gives more boost to the shot and, therefore, a greater range of the shot.

If you are located in covered places for which the shot is fired always and only at distances, we recommend instead the use of only cartridge with felt wad, with l’ulteriore aid of canes little choked.

F) The cartridge at the top can be equipped with two different types of closure: closure “round edge” and “crimp closure. The first, which commercially available is greatly decreased, due to higher production costs, produces, when firing, pink larger, but slightly shorter, while the one on the crimp closure, which is the most popular, produces pinkish more focused, narrower and slightly longer with more opportunities to cool the prey if the shot is well directed and the same is invested in full by the same rosy.

In addition to the pheasant, there are two types of permanent hunting hunting extremely widespread; hunting hare and the partridges, grouse and partridges.

In hare hunting is necessary to have cartridges “substantial” and, here, using gauges cartridges ranging from 2 up to zero as the hare, being extremely fast and with the bones and muscles strong, to be gunned must necessarily be hit with cartridges with considerable power d’impatto, with a high caliber of lead. In fact, the hare can also be affected with cartridges “lighter” and, perhaps, with a greater number of dots which, although going to target, not fatally affect on prey.

In the hunt partridges, grouse and partridges instead the speech is completely different; In fact, it is advisable to use as small a number to the 8th of the first shot and a 7, that is a little more substantial if the first shot was not solver and considering that the prey is in the process of removal than the hunter.

In Italy it is a type of detectable partridge called “ciukar” that, besides having dimensions larger than the classical partridge, has the habit to get away to pawn for many meters and, therefore, when fly off at times is already almost to limit of the range of the shot. For this type of bird it is obvious return to more substantial numbers such as 4 or 5 at the most, as well as hitting an animal that can better resist the action of the shot is hit at a greater distance, then the charge of the cartridge must be substantial.

Last point to make concerns the climatic conditions in which it is carried out hunting sedentary. Generally occurs when the opening in September climates are hot and dry with an average humidity, going to l’autunno often we encounter in colder climates and wetter. The variant climate must be taken into consideration as regards both the heat and cold and is especially as regards of humidity.

In the case of medium to high humidity is essential to choose the cartridges where dust mixtures are not very hygroscopic, that is, that are not affected by moisture or high may limit performance. Everyone knows, of course, what to buy and the good advice of friends will do the rest to provide the bandolier of ammunition most suitable for each hunt.

Soon it will start a new season for all appassioniati to which the Staff of CacciaInFiera.it does a great good luck!

Teresa Renda

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