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shotgun benelli ethos

BENELLI’S ETHOS VOTED THE BEST SEMI-AUTOMATIC SHOTGUN

The Benelli Ethos is attracting more and more attention. Already one of the best selling semi-auto shotguns in North America, it has now been voted the best semi-automatic shotgun of 2014 by the American magazine Guns & Ammo.

shotgun benelli ethos

A number of features contributed to the Ethos’ selection as one of the most distinctive products on the market today. In particular, it was chosen for its performance, durability, quality and intrinsic value. Benelli was also praised for the attention given to customers both during and after the purchase. Benelli has always been proud of its customer service and now the quality of that service has been recognised on the other side of the Atlantic too. Meanwhile, on the Italian market, the Raffaello Deluxe, a more refined version of the American Ethos, was introduced a few months ago.

This new semi-automatic, which sells alongside the Power Bore and Black versions, has added even more choice to the Raffaello range.

16 ga shotgun huntin shooting

16 GA: GAUGE MEDIUM. THE FUTURE IS YOUR!

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Riccardo Ceccarelli, hunter

There are now a few years that I follow closely the events of 16 gauge, first as a neutral observer and then as President of the Italian Club that represents it. This gauge wasn’t ever produced in the world in important quantity, but that production is anyway very significant. And it is always in the limelight because its continuity and the talking about it. And this is a big factor of merit because, as said the lawyer Gianni Agnelli, founder of FIAT, “About Juventus, good or bad, it is important that we speak.”

Has been said a lot and always about this gauge, with the balance that has been, at least in the past, to criticism. But those days have passed and the minimum level of popularity has been reached, unable to delete it permanently, as it happened to the 14 gauge. Critics were not in the industry of arms, but in the public opinion, which passively go along with those who were the choices of the industries that had created expensive machineries for specific products.

The modern industry, in fact, decided to remove from the huge production the middle gauges as 16, but also 24 ga, 32 ga, leaving anyway a sufficient “diversity” of gauges for the hunters. This is a an historical fact, also if leaves a lot of things to think. But the world is changing and the industry in other sectors teaches, always in search of new or revision of the old if not yet fully exploited or if the society is again interested. On this second point, the gauge 16 may be best weapon of industry in the years to come.

remington 1100 16 gauge

For cars and motorcycles an happy customary

There are a lot of examples of review and success. In the automotive sector, the historical review of the Mini Minor had amazing success with audience; today it is one of the cars of most commercial liking. Equivalent satisfaction for the industry is giving from the new Fiat 500, which is reviving the glories of the old Fiat car. Both entered into a new business created by the industry and defined as “utilitarian chic car”. Even they are penetrating the USA market where this kind of car was never conceived.

16 gauge shotgun hunting shootingThe same applies to the motorcycle sector. After spending decades in testing fairings in the wind tunnel in search of performance, today many bikes back to the past. The legendary Vespa has allowed its modern reinterpretation with the modern scooter. For both recent achievements, the consensus is very high.

The industry of weapons is not behind compared to these concepts.

This is demonstrated by the investments of Browning with the production of the A5 where, although it isn’t necessary from a technical point of view, it was desired to revive the “hump” that has made the company famous with the immense “Auto 5″, and the large number of round body side by side shotgun (with the rounded receiver as in the nineteenth century), also produced by leading companies, as the Beretta 486 Parallelo. These products have a very modern technical level, but with a vintage look. So there’s an high level of attention by the companies.

The 16 gauge in the future

We start from the assumption that the 16 gauge, in its standard configuration, is designed to shoot an ounce of lead. But this has to be considered only the first data. Its range of loading is between 26 and 30. But today the hunting powders, already tried to strengthen the charges of 12ga and 20 ga, have a level of progressivity and containment of pressures such as to allow for the 16 charges of 32.34 gr. That is, in other terms, a modern shotgun in 16 gauge (not those of the grandparents of course, which moreover does not provide any advantage to the economy industry) is able to overlap the 12 almost completely. From here the step towards the codification of a magnum might be a short step.

But we mustn’t exaggerate in the optimism; on the other hand, even the current success of 28 gauge is related to its standard configuration, enhanced in the charge compared with the past, thanks to the increased efficiency of the current materials for the metal-working.

This binds to practical considerations: a range of loading from 26 to 32 gr is able to meet all the needs of modern hunting for which is delegated the smooth bore barrel. The only exception is the duck hunting, where we Europeans continue to insist with big cartridge, while in the United States the hunters are showing us that a good gauge 16 of adequate weight (I mean for example the 16 gauge mod. Remington 1100), is able to accommodate ammunition particularly suitable also for the ducks.

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But more than to satisfy this aspect of actual practical use, there is another aspect to which the 16 gauge is oh for a modern hunting. The reality is that the current and future international hunting will be an ever more connected to the leisure and the pursuit of personal satisfaction to those who practice it.

We’ll not hunt for hunger and this is also a wish for all of us, but we’ll do it for a good food. In the research of satisfaction, the industry will be particularly attentive to all those segments that promise potential and, it will try to stimulate where it believes to have possibility. The medium gauges 12 and 20 already amply fill the racks of hunters in the world, while the 16 gauge is a production potential of which the hunter is poorly equipped.

So there are good chances of selling that are what the gun making industry rightly pursues. So is possible to push on this gauge to revive markets and related productions. We have to do this not only producing weapons but also reviving the culture of the caliber, alongside a Club as our that perform a work of sheer passion. In the USA there is the “GA Society 16″ (www.16ga.com) that is very active.

16 ga society association

Also there is another factor of positivity. As was the case in all areas of the world, there is an increasing growth of women becoming more prominent and effective role in business and politics summit. And so it is in the hunt. This factor, in itself positive, it is also related to the caliber 16, which makes them equal to mans for its effectiveness and for its reduced weight.

We believe that the 16, the in-between gauge, put aside too soon, will may represent the top weapon in which to invest in the years to come.

The Club Calibro 16, with its fiercest supporters, is ready for the challenge.

Riccardo Ceccarelli

President of Italian Club 16 Gauge

www.calibro16.it

 

Beretta, products, accessories, hunting, shooting, outdoor

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THE VARIETY OF GAUGES IN A HUNTING SHOTGUN

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small hunting, shotgun, cartidges

The origin of the definition of the gauges for smooth-bore weapons is attributed to the British who called them in relation to the number of spherical balls of the same diameter can be obtained from a pound of lead. For this reason, the smaller the gauge, the greater the number that identifies it. In the age of front loader firearms, there was no real definition of the gauge because black powder and lead were paid into the barrel and taking shape and volume dates from the tube.

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Turning to the creation of the cartridges, it was necessary to define standards so that all the ammunition produced for a shotgun had the same section. But there were many states with different measure units so in Liege, in 1911, were defined dimensions and related tolerances. This is true for the chamber of the cartridge that can take inside equal size cartridges, but the gauge of the barrel may vary so it can shoot balls also very different from each other. Let’s take an example. The Convention C.I.P. states that the chamber of cartridge can vary between 18.2 mm and 18.6 mm in gauge 16, and the chamber between 20.3 mm and 20.4 mm in gauge 12.

The work of the hunting shotgun

The shotgun has the purpose to perform a job using the energy produced by the combustion of gunpowder. Part of this energy is absorbed by the passive resistance of the barrel, another part is converted into heat and another part generates the thrust of the hunting shots. This last part is defined as “useful work” of shotgun. The energy called “kinetic energy” that animates the shots will be greater as much as greater will be the “useful work”.

The useful work of the shotgun is made up of three components: average pressure in the barrel, section of the barrel, length of the barrel. If we consider a length of fixed barrel, if the section is reduced, and therefore the gauge, increases the operating pressure. But this pressure can not increase without limit both for safety reasons, but also because it would distort the hunting shots that should lose their spherical shape. For this reason the weight of the charge that a rifle can launch remains linked to the diameter of the barrel, and then to the gauge. In the final analysis it is therefore possible to say that the smooth-bore hunting shot can shoot heavier loads if the caliber is large or, and this is very important, shotguns at the same weight charge develops lower pressures.

The gauges

Traditionally gauges of shotguns are divided into 4 categories:

1) BIG GAUGES – (4 – 8 – 10) – In practice no longer used (except the 10 in some countries) because are impractical to use and designed to shoot too heavy loads.

 2) AVERAGE GAUGES – (12 – 16-20) – Used a lot around the world. They are to be considered the best compromise for all the small game. The gauge 12 is the most used, but the use of gauge 20 is also good. The gauge 16 was not used and was almost disappeared until it is resumed in some countries. In Italy there is a very active Club (www.calibro16.it) bringing it back to its former splendor.

 3) SMALL GAUGES – (24-28 – 32-36) – Used in Europe for small birds, they have seen a rapid reduction in their use almost unti to disappear (24-32). Others gauges, instead, in recent years, have had a second life (28-36) also to be used on the fields of skeet shooting. In particular, the gauge 36, in its magnum version (ie. 410) has always had a wide use in the United States and is having an interesting use even in some European countries.

 4) MINIMUM GAUGES – (9 mm, 8 mm, 6 mm) – Not used to hunt for their low ability to break down the game.

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The prohibition in the USA and in most countries of Europe of the big guns allowed to develop in the 12-gauge and 20-gauge the Magnum concept. These have the ability to shoot effectively both standard charges of shooting shots that oversize that arrive at the bigger gauge. This development was made possible thanks to modern steel manufacturing industry and to hunting powder production.

Teresa Renda

Beretta, products, accessories, hunting, shooting, outdoor

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EFFECTIVENESS OF SHOTS HUNTING

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Teresa Renda woman hunterThe damaging power of the shot is not only determined by its mass and velocity, but also it is a consequence of the relationship between the characteristics of the projectile and those of the game. The number of wounds inflicted determinants for the killing of the game, in turn, depends on other additional variables such as the distance of the shot, the size of the animal and its strenght, all those characteristics of the weapon that shoots and that interact on the dispersion of the shot pattern, and, then, on the string of the same (choke of the barrel, the number of shot of the charge, presence of the container in the cartridge, etc …).

In physics the energy is defined as the ability possessed by a body to produce work, and in the case of the shot the work is to be understood as to download the energy on the game, via the impact on its body. Indeed, the powder burning in the barrel of the gun, producing a large quantity of gaseous mass, produces a work which in part is dispersed as heat, and in part is exploited to launch a projectile.

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In physics the energy that a shot has in his direction is defined “kinetic”, and it is amechanical energy of a body in motion (the shot), that is, the work done by the shot crossing the body of the game; in other terms it’s equivalent to the difference between impact energy and residual energy after the crossing.

Therefore, to calculate the kinetic energy of a bullet, at the various shooting distances, it is sufficient to know its mass (weight) and the residual velocity. In any case, the kinetic energy of the shot depends on several factors, such as speed and size of the shot, the physical size of the game and its natural defenses, such as thickness and strength of the skin, plumage, muscles, adipose or connective tissues …

The kinetic energy required for the killing increases, then, in relation to the mass, and the defenses of the animal. This amount of energy can be brought on the game both by a large shot at a low speed, either by a small and fast shot, but with different damaging capacity.

The first will have a lesion type trauma, the second will cause a deep wound. The kinetic energy that it is downloaded on the game is the sum of the energies of the individual shot that come on the target, the same amount of energy can therefore be carried by a few big shot, as many small shot.

To have success in shooting, we have to inflict more wounds, choosing the numbering of lead that ensures a sufficient residual energy and an appropriate density of shot pattern.

The general Journée, historical and scientist of ballistic, stated that the clean killing of game could be achieved with only 5 shot of adequate size. These have to be able both to harm the vital organs that to break the long bones. And to do that, they had to be equipped with adequate speed able to ensure the correct amount of energy.

Teresa Renda

Beretta, products, accessories, hunting, shooting, outdoor

hunting cartridges, hunters shotgun

WHEN THE CARTRIDGE DOESN’T SATISFY US

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Sometimes we hear from some hunters that their rifle is excellent with a type of powder or cartridge, but not with others, that it shoots well with big lead and not with small shots, with strong charges and not with light charges, or other way around. These hunters, getting excited with speeches barroom, talk about wonder weapons that produce shot patterns of the same extent in the short and long-distance shooting, or shot patterns with peripheral shots that are equal in ability to penetrate than the central ones.

Those statements hide many inaccuracies and erroneous assessments, with unlikely attempt to explain the phenomenon of variability of the performance of weapons and shot cartridges, a phenomenon observable by everyone engages the hunt or the skeet shooting. Someone, instead, blames the gun or the ammunition for all the misfires, or enhance the quality at every success, not caring so to deepen that the effectiveness of the shot not only depends on the characteristics of these instruments, but of many other variables.

hunting cartridges, hunters shotgun

It is known that the outcome of the shot depends not only on the characteristics of the gun or the cartridge, but also on the environmental and climatic conditions existing at the place of hunting. We can now speak of “temperament” of shotguns, because each weapon has its own temperament, manifested by the degree of compatibility with specific cartridges producing a high or a low value of velocity and pressure, or by the ability to produce pronounced or contained dispersions of shot. The weapons that have barrels of good length and small diameter can give acceptable ballistic results also firing cartridges with speed and pressure rather low, contrary to the weapons with barrels shorter and wider, which improves performance with powerful ammunition.

In the ammunition, on the pressure, on the speed and on the dispersion do not affect only the meteorological factors, but also the diameter of the cartridge chamber and of the bore, the extent of the choke and the angle of the barrel throat, the length and thickness of the tubes, and, minimally, the elasticity of the steel with which the barrels have been built. Therefore, the compatibility of weapons and ammunition is very important, although it can not compensate for an excessive sensitivity of the powder to the intense cold or to the environmental damp.

In fact, the ballistic performance of weapon and cartridge can not have “related” value respect to different “external” parameters to the system, because it also depends a lot on the atmospheric conditions existing in the place. Many hunters like to divide the cartridges in winter cartridges and summer cartridges.

A difference of atmospheric humidity of 10% can produce a variation of the initial velocity of lead of about 5 m/s with a single base powders, 3 m/s with a double base powders containing nitroglycerin. A difference of 1° C in the outside temperature, can cause a change in pressure in the barrel of about 3 bar. If this phenomenon occurs in a very short time, making unserviceable a cartridge that a few hours before killed a game, almost always the cause is found in the cartridge itself, and not in the atmospheric influence in so little time. In some areas of Italy, when there is an  atmospheric change, the cartridges may lose all or part of their efficacy, without the powder has had time to warn the external atmospheric mutation and to change its temperature inside of the cartridge case, or to absorb moisture through the plastic tube.

So when a good cartridge loses its effectiveness, it does it in a period of time long enough; if the phenomenon is realized in a short time, we can not speak of a good cartridge but of a munition that has some defect.

Teresa Renda

Beretta, products, accessories, hunting, shooting, outdoor

Franchi, smei-automatic, shotgun, hunting, hunters

AFFINITY: THE THOROUGHBRED

Riccardo Ceccarelli, hunterWinning out over 12 months ago as the best rifle in 2013 by GOLDEN BULLSEYE AWARDS, which each year awards the best weapons, the Affinity is everywhere imposed as a successful product, which awarded him its form is sought or the pursuit of perfect fit” that makes it easy imbracciabile by anyone.

Perfect fit for a perfect swing

Not only perfect ergonomics but also very good quality and a more complete range to meet the needs of hunters selected by the taste. The quality goes through the selection of more resistant materials and sought to go further, and that is to bend the rules of mechanics and physics to the concepts of comfort and reduction of shock and vibration.

Franchi, shotgun, semi-automatic, hunting, hunters

Not only beautiful but well taken care of in the design!

Initially born in the wood version, now the range is complete. Over time we have added synthetic versions of total black” Camo for people who love to hide and blend, White for the most demanding taste, Sporting for lovers of the platform and the Compact that allows you to adjust the size of football according to the their needs.

A gun for every occasion!

Riccardo Ceccarelli

http://www.franchi.com
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=d3A-mrQU2eM

Beretta, products, accessories, hunting, shooting, outdoor

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EFFEBI FIREARMS: INNOVATORS BY TRADITION

For the gauge 16 there is a different matter: in the wake of the strong impulse given to the return of this gauge on the territory by  the Italian Club Gauge 16, the Effebi has implemented a specific model, the “Beta″, particularly  tidy and without a rib for improved vibration of the barrel and spherical viewfinder old style.

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Riccardo Ceccarelli, hunterEffebi is a factory in the industrial area of Concesio, gateway to the Valtrompia where the weapon-making wisdom is in its home. Established many years ago by Dr..Franco Beretta, already from the first steps of the activity it has always distinguished itself in the continuous search for ballistic solutions useful to hunters. The Val Trompia, as well as being the home of sporting and hunting weapons, it is also a place where hunters there have always been in great quantity: and therefore it is the ideal place to take from them a rich set of information about the needs that arise in hunting. And here in Effebi brilliant minds and make produce rifles that have only one prerogative: the satisfaction of the hunter. Yes, because in Effebi they are “innovators by tradition”.

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So if you pass by here, you will find them intent on developing and testing more than to produce in large quantities. In the company Dr. Franco is joined by his son Fabio, a skilled interpreter, in a modern key,  of the company philosophy and superfine manager that supports always with fantasy the hunter and his quest of hunting satisfaction.

Keen observer and curious technical and commercial experimenter, since I had the pleasure of his acquaintance, I saw him engage with extraordinary continuity and tenacity in finding solutions for both shotguns and rifles, hardly traceable in the catalogs of other companies. Specialist of small gauges for company tradition, Fabio passes from these to the higher gauges and the rifles with extraordinary ease, always managing to produce consistently hunting weapons that often ahead of their time and give the hunter the ideal solution for each hunt.

In his catalog is difficult to find “a normal weapon”, because that – as he himself says – everyone has one – while the same is rich in solutions for specific variants hunting that every hunter faces and on which may be fine any shotgun, but the one born to the particular need is certainly better. The  philosophy that Fabio has brought in his company is that the shotgun was born for one purpose: to hunt, facing the cold and water, scorching heat and shock. Hence the need to not enrich it with extreme aesthetic solutions (although asking it you’ll surely be content with extreme satisfaction), but to give it “what it takes” to ensure efficiency, strength and durability, the three basic requirements for a weapon that in the years will provide pleasure to the hunter and not to give him problems or to highlight limitations.

But let’s get to the weapons I would say “special”, starting from the shotgun.

Among the series of classic Effebi shotguns, one stands out from the reeds with very short barrels.

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It’s the Queen Omega designed and manufactured for woodcock hunting that, because of the environment in which pitfall, creates many problems for our game bag. Here the hunting problems of the queen of the wood find their worthy solution and the shotgun is particularly handy with his short barrels that have a particularly large chokes combinable successfully with dispersants cartridges on the market to provide a particularly large and well distributed pattern. It’s made in 12 gauge to provide the highest volume of fire and has low weight; it is the ideal answer for those walk for steep slopes for the entire day, searching the woodcook.

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But the production of shotguns Effebi reserve another amazing gem. It’s a shotgun for fire position hunting that has the two barrels slightly divergent able to fire simultaneously. Even in this case the company has researched the most appropriate solution for those who see get thrown on a group of birds and know thet can to hit just one. This is no longer true, to the satisfaction of the palate of the hunter of migratory birds. The shotgun provides “8” pattern for the partial overlap of the two. The absolute success for the small migratory birds hunting.

In the catalog there’s also a shotgun slug (Omega Slug) expressly created for hunting wild boar in gauge 12 and 20 with generous organs of sight with notch on the raised thickness of sighting bar.

These are flanked by the weapons in small gauge 28 and .410 (Master Slim) who have received in recent years a great success.

effebi, single barrell, hunting, shotgun

Other specialist weapons are shown in the catalog Effebi. In particular, they have an interpretation the classic “single smooth barrel” In Effebi this weapon, considered by many a lower weapon, assumes a rank distinctly different. It is produced not only in the gauges considered classics for such a weapon 24, 28, and 8 .410 gauges Flobert but also in 12, 16 and 20 following the commercial success in South America where this type of weapon is particularly required to hunt the hare and the local partridge with long barrels and full chokes.

The single barrel “Beta” is produced with the variation of the key opening positioned or above the receiver or alternatively in the lower part as in the classic tradition of Italic single barrel, with or without a ventilated barrel rib. It has a stock with a generous pistol grip and equally generous is the forend for a firm grip of the weak hand, which is necessary when you switch from the .410 version to charges 16 or 12.

For the 16 is a different matter: in the wake of the strong impulse given to the return of this gauge on the territory of the Italian Club active Gauge 16, the Effebi has implemented a specific model, the “Beta Effebi single barrel 16 gauge hunting beta Classic old Style 16″, particolrmente groomed and without a rib for improved vibration of the rod and spherical viewfinder old style.

It’s a low cost shotgun (this year for use in a Long Test the founder of the Club) that sedicisti will certainly not escape.

 But with the Beta they have not finished to surprise at all. Its versions in gauge .410 and 8 Flobert (Beta 110) are equipped with a interchangeable choke with an extension of 40 cm which brings the barrel from 70 to 110 cm, so the hunter has the opportunity to have a small gauge of extraordinary scope and with a noise impact limited, very useful when you don’t want to worry the game.

Specialists in folding arms, Effebi did not forget to impress even in terms of supperposed. There are two classic weapons in the company’s production: the folding supperposed s proposed in gauges .410 and 28. There is also another superposed, a non-selective single trigger in .410 gauge, fully folding and made ​​of cylindrical barrels of short length (only 56 cm), designed to meet two kinds of users: the woodcook’s hunters suited to action sports and alternatively the wild bora’s hunters that very often shoot dry shots even in small gauge to free the dogs from the risk of wild boar stopped in the bushes.

There are also an entire range of  folding over and under  and the excellent Black Diamond, over and under  of unique elegance, available in 28 gauge and .410 in hunting and sporting version.

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Even in the field of rifles, Effebi not let slip the opportunity to propose with extreme originality its interpretation of the hunting rifle. The Terminator is what we can call “Kipplauf Italian”; it’s a weapon completely folding over itself, it has a slide weaver for mounting optics, the barrels of high quality steel and wood in walnut of a high degree with stock with cheekpiece and ending with a black rubber recoil pad.

The Terminator is produced in many different gauges and is oriented to selection hunters that operate such hunting in difficult terrain such as the Alps or the Apennines. Here the rifle Effebi gives the best demonstration of herself for the weight and the way in which it can be folded.

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I conclude this brief excursus on Effebi with a clarification; as you may have noticed I have not talked about traditional shotguns or semi-automatic that although the company has a catalog. I spoke of specificity, of ideas generated from a lot of speaks made ​​between the owners of the company and the hunters.

And we discussed the company’s catalog as a cylinder from which Franco and Fabio, with extraordinary continuity, manage to extract solutions designed exclusively for the satisfaction of our incurable followers of Diana.

 Riccardo Ceccarelli

Beretta, products, accessories, hunting, shooting, outdoor

shotgun-recoil

THE RECOIL OF SHOTGUN: LET‘S KNOW IT

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hunters

The shot with a firearm gives at the same a violent backward movement which, in the case of long gun resting on the shoulder of the shooter, submit him to a violent blow, surely annoying but that can also be harmful if it isn’t within certain limits . But what happens in reality?

The explosion of gunpowder tends to separate the projectile from the weapon; in other words, it latter pushes the shot on the one hand and the gun in the opposite direction.

Speaking of a purely physical phenomenon is also possible to say that both elements will move in the their direction for an area that is inversely proportional to their mass. So ironically, if the rifle had not stopped, in his retrograde movement, from the shoulder of the shooter it would have a movement of 100 times less than that of the projectile (evaluation performed on a standard data, which provides that the gun weights 100 times more than the charge that launches. Example: rifle weight 3,200 gr and weight launched shot 32 gr).

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The recoil shotgun 

The sensation that produces the recoil on the shooter is obviously a function of the amount of kinetic energy produced in the explosion but also of the weight of the shotgun. It’s a well-known fact that firing the same ammunition by two shotguns different for weight the recoil felt is different and clearly lower for the gun that weights less.

The living force of the recoil is influenced by many factors: the weight of the shotgun, the weight of the shot charge (or projectile) including the material of wad and the burning rate of the powder. It is, however, independent of the value of the maximum pressure.

Shooters with a medium build resent a recoil of 4 kgm, factor that will make them lose their concentration worsening the quality of the shot.

Recoils with power about 4.5 kgm can be supported well by important build shooters as long as they engage hunts where they shoot rarely.

During hunts where the hunters tend to shoot with good frequency, such as those in bars, in the English hunts or to the small migratory, the recoil becomes an important factor that can affect the hunting results.

The speed of the recoil, a direct function of the burning rate of the gunpowder, is measured with a special instrument called “velocimeter”; in this the gun is placed on a horizontal axis capable of measuring, on a graduated rod, the weapon retrograde displacement during the shot. This instrument was used in the past, particularly in British plants for the production of ammunition.

Alessio Ceccarelli

Beretta, products, accessories, hunting, shooting, outdoor

shotgun, semi-automatic, hunting, shooting

SEMI-AUTOMATIC SHOTGUN: THE TAKING OF GAS

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Teresa Renda woman hunterThe semi-automatic rifle is considered to be the weapon par excellence of modern hunting. Since the dawn of its development proved to be extraordinarily effective weapon, first hunting for ducks in a short time but then for all hunts achievable with the smooth barrel.

He very quickly overtaken by the preferences of many European hunters brace that is superimposed on that have stood only a few countries where hunting had a strong tradition in two shots. But which offers substantial benefits against shotguns with barrels adjacent or overlapping. The advantage consists in the barrel of the automatic only, which has an excellent ballistic efficiency and allows shooting accuracy at any distance, being the line of sight axis with the only cane. This is a unique and free to vibrate during the shot, to stretch and dilate in the heat, not being bound to another rod in the idle state.

This involves pink with a regular distribution of pellets. The unique barrel allows for greater visibility of the target and aiming accurate and fast. The semi-automatic is the son of an industrial process completely and with a modest cost, you can replace or only its shrinkage by interchangeable chokes, replacing them in a few seconds even on the hunting ground of fact and modifying the ballistic characteristics of the weapon. E ‘weapon is robust and has a total interchangeability without adjustment of all the mechanical parts, obtained with micrometric precision by means of a machining cycle machines programmed.

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For his work comes at a price lower than the double-barreled shotgun, even with the same finesse in execution. It remains the best weapon for many forms of hunting, especially waterfowl for that, even if the national hunting legislation limits the number of shots that can shoot three and the weapon loses a bit ‘of its potential. The semiautomatic proves to be the most suitable type of weapon to shoot the increased loads lead to higher long-distance shooting accuracy and reduced recoil that can be achieved with the repetition system to draw gas.

In 1880 the brothers Clair St. Etienne invented the first automatic smoothbore, operating in outlet gas. They had no regular operation because many lees produced by the combustion of black powder were able to plug the hole of taking gas from the barrel. With the arrival of the long-gun recoil of John Moses Browning in 1898, the problem of the construction of the automatic pellet, it could almost be said to be definitively resolved, but other manufacturers took up the idea of obtaining energy for the reset cycle, subtracting part the firing gas for use in through pistons. In semi-automatic hunting based on this system (also called a subtraction or taking of gas), the fixed barrel carries two or more holes at about 25/32 cm from the breech end. These holes convey a small part of the gases of the charge in a cylinder of expansion, which is welded under the barrel. The piston transmits the movement of the shutter through a sleeve combined with the arming rods.

The shutter is bound to the barrel by a locking lug, which fits into the sleeve. Under the strong pressure of the gas, the piston causes the release of the shutter closing and relegation, while leaving the shell fired from the barrel. After the withdrawal movement shutter, one or two springs ensure it back in closing, inserting a new cartridge in the barrel. Today, most of the arms industries have a production automatic subtraction of gas.

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These include the Pietro Beretta did subtraction of gas its workhorse, giving birth to an original and functional, which uses a piston to piston rings. The patent Beretta and its success is due to the piston such that the piston has self-cleaning characteristics and that compensates for the different pressures caused by many different ammunition, varying the sliding friction of the cylinder. The semi-automatic Beretta, in recent decades has undergone updates is technical improvements, thus becoming a perfect weapon, well known and appreciated by hunters around the world.

Teresa Renda

Beretta, products, accessories, hunting, shooting, outdoor

shooters

BE GOOD SHOOTERS

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Teresa Renda woman hunterThe rifle is the weapon for hunting safer and more powerful that man has ever been able to build on this doubt does not exist. But despite having far exceeded the legendary David’s sling or the bow of Diana or the spears of many peoples of the past, even the modern rifle hunting requires the hunter to be able to use it to the best; exactly how these weapons in the past.

It is not enough to pull the trigger to make sure to bring down a wild, but the weapon requires the consistent exercise and all of man’s ability to implement its full capacity detrimental. The dots must be directed with great precision on the prey often on the move, to intercept the trajectory, that it is the stroke of a hare or the flight of a partridge.

The hunters rush to buy the latest model of rifle cartridges and more effective, but often do not seek to improve their technique of the shot, with the theoretical and practical learning of the most basic methods of pointing, simply because they think they already perfect. An old proverb hunting says: “You can be born passionate hunters, but only with a regular exercise can become good shooters.”

The target must be targeted with precision for a few moments before gently press the trigger of the gun to make the shot. The shooting stopped is not difficult, in fact, requires accurate sighting to hit the animal with the central part of the shot pattern, especially shooting at arm loose, ie, with no weapon placed on stable surface, as a rule in the shot with the shotgun.

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Throws a ball only made ​​in polygon, or those dots on the plate, show that any shooter is subject to errors of pointing, even in the shots stopped. Just who the shooter weapon emboss a small movement with the famous “shoulder shot” or with a jerk” on the trigger sudden, because the target can not be missed centered as expected.

When the shooter and the target are placed on the same horizontal plane, you must aim for the center body of the animal. If the target is located in a much higher or lower than the shooter, in both cases you should be aware of the pink dots ranks high compared to the focused point.

Hitting an animal that moves, flying or running on the ground, it is not always as easy as drinking a glass of water. Often depends on the speed and distance of the target, by the regularity of the trajectory, the time available to aim, by natural obstacles of the environment, the lighting conditions, the quick reflexes of the hunter, the different degree of fatigue, and the confidence in their own abilities.

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In any case, the obstacle resides in sending the shot is not where the eye locates the wild instant in which the finger presses the trigger, but where the animal will be found after a few seconds.

This advance” directional weapon, relative to the position of the animal, it must be estimated on the basis of his experience of shooting. Advance is a technical term used to mean a metric correction, depending on the direction of flight and the angle of the shot. The shot against moving targets can be performed with three different methods, which require a different value in advance.

The shot consists in bringing quickly jab the gun to the shoulder, and so that the line of sight is already to be automatically directed to the point of interception of the likely trajectory of the wild, or that the pointing requires a minimum fast correction. The eyes of the shooter must remain open in order to verify the outcome of the shot and repeat if necessary. This shot requires experience and alertness.

The second shooting system is defined as an accompaniment to overtake. It is used to shoot wild fast not having a linear trajectory, and the advance must be slightly lower than that required in the shooting of thrust, if the rifle is stopped at the moment when the trigger is pressed, otherwise the shot passes behind and below the target, according to which the flight is horizontal or vertical (the typical column of woodcock or pheasant in the woods).

The third type of shooting is called accompaniment to precede. Excellent results in the shootings at the farthest distances. The action can be broken down into five stages: sighting of the wild, shouldering the weapon, accompanying targeted trajectory for a long stretch, overtaking the target to get some early pressure on the trigger without stopping the movement of the rifle. In this case, the value of the advance can be much lower, because the angular velocity of the rods affects not just on the trajectory of the shot, in part compensating for the displacement from the wild. Obvious to say that the system is feasible only if there exists all the time to follow the target with the aiming line, to precede of just enough in relation to its speed and the distance. It is a precision shooting, performed with only one eye and with a good workout.

And now … good exercise to all !!

Teresa Renda

Beretta, products, accessories, hunting, shooting, outdoor