Category Archives: Shooting

Firearms and shooting technique

shotgun-recoil

THE RECOIL OF SHOTGUN: LET‘S KNOW IT

stock, forend, shotgun

hunters

The shot with a firearm gives at the same a violent backward movement which, in the case of long gun resting on the shoulder of the shooter, submit him to a violent blow, surely annoying but that can also be harmful if it isn’t within certain limits . But what happens in reality?

The explosion of gunpowder tends to separate the projectile from the weapon; in other words, it latter pushes the shot on the one hand and the gun in the opposite direction.

Speaking of a purely physical phenomenon is also possible to say that both elements will move in the their direction for an area that is inversely proportional to their mass. So ironically, if the rifle had not stopped, in his retrograde movement, from the shoulder of the shooter it would have a movement of 100 times less than that of the projectile (evaluation performed on a standard data, which provides that the gun weights 100 times more than the charge that launches. Example: rifle weight 3,200 gr and weight launched shot 32 gr).

recoil shotgun, hunting, shooting

The recoil shotgun 

The sensation that produces the recoil on the shooter is obviously a function of the amount of kinetic energy produced in the explosion but also of the weight of the shotgun. It’s a well-known fact that firing the same ammunition by two shotguns different for weight the recoil felt is different and clearly lower for the gun that weights less.

The living force of the recoil is influenced by many factors: the weight of the shotgun, the weight of the shot charge (or projectile) including the material of wad and the burning rate of the powder. It is, however, independent of the value of the maximum pressure.

Shooters with a medium build resent a recoil of 4 kgm, factor that will make them lose their concentration worsening the quality of the shot.

Recoils with power about 4.5 kgm can be supported well by important build shooters as long as they engage hunts where they shoot rarely.

During hunts where the hunters tend to shoot with good frequency, such as those in bars, in the English hunts or to the small migratory, the recoil becomes an important factor that can affect the hunting results.

The speed of the recoil, a direct function of the burning rate of the gunpowder, is measured with a special instrument called “velocimeter”; in this the gun is placed on a horizontal axis capable of measuring, on a graduated rod, the weapon retrograde displacement during the shot. This instrument was used in the past, particularly in British plants for the production of ammunition.

Alessio Ceccarelli

Beretta, products, accessories, hunting, shooting, outdoor

shotgun, semi-automatic, hunting, shooting

SEMI-AUTOMATIC SHOTGUN: THE TAKING OF GAS

stock, forend, shotgun

Teresa Renda woman hunterThe semi-automatic rifle is considered to be the weapon par excellence of modern hunting. Since the dawn of its development proved to be extraordinarily effective weapon, first hunting for ducks in a short time but then for all hunts achievable with the smooth barrel.

He very quickly overtaken by the preferences of many European hunters brace that is superimposed on that have stood only a few countries where hunting had a strong tradition in two shots. But which offers substantial benefits against shotguns with barrels adjacent or overlapping. The advantage consists in the barrel of the automatic only, which has an excellent ballistic efficiency and allows shooting accuracy at any distance, being the line of sight axis with the only cane. This is a unique and free to vibrate during the shot, to stretch and dilate in the heat, not being bound to another rod in the idle state.

This involves pink with a regular distribution of pellets. The unique barrel allows for greater visibility of the target and aiming accurate and fast. The semi-automatic is the son of an industrial process completely and with a modest cost, you can replace or only its shrinkage by interchangeable chokes, replacing them in a few seconds even on the hunting ground of fact and modifying the ballistic characteristics of the weapon. E ‘weapon is robust and has a total interchangeability without adjustment of all the mechanical parts, obtained with micrometric precision by means of a machining cycle machines programmed.

shotgun, hunting, semi-automatic, Beretta, Fabarm, Franchi, Winchester, Browning

For his work comes at a price lower than the double-barreled shotgun, even with the same finesse in execution. It remains the best weapon for many forms of hunting, especially waterfowl for that, even if the national hunting legislation limits the number of shots that can shoot three and the weapon loses a bit ‘of its potential. The semiautomatic proves to be the most suitable type of weapon to shoot the increased loads lead to higher long-distance shooting accuracy and reduced recoil that can be achieved with the repetition system to draw gas.

In 1880 the brothers Clair St. Etienne invented the first automatic smoothbore, operating in outlet gas. They had no regular operation because many lees produced by the combustion of black powder were able to plug the hole of taking gas from the barrel. With the arrival of the long-gun recoil of John Moses Browning in 1898, the problem of the construction of the automatic pellet, it could almost be said to be definitively resolved, but other manufacturers took up the idea of obtaining energy for the reset cycle, subtracting part the firing gas for use in through pistons. In semi-automatic hunting based on this system (also called a subtraction or taking of gas), the fixed barrel carries two or more holes at about 25/32 cm from the breech end. These holes convey a small part of the gases of the charge in a cylinder of expansion, which is welded under the barrel. The piston transmits the movement of the shutter through a sleeve combined with the arming rods.

The shutter is bound to the barrel by a locking lug, which fits into the sleeve. Under the strong pressure of the gas, the piston causes the release of the shutter closing and relegation, while leaving the shell fired from the barrel. After the withdrawal movement shutter, one or two springs ensure it back in closing, inserting a new cartridge in the barrel. Today, most of the arms industries have a production automatic subtraction of gas.

shotgun, hunting, semi-automatic, Beretta, Fabarm, Franchi, Winchester, Browning

These include the Pietro Beretta did subtraction of gas its workhorse, giving birth to an original and functional, which uses a piston to piston rings. The patent Beretta and its success is due to the piston such that the piston has self-cleaning characteristics and that compensates for the different pressures caused by many different ammunition, varying the sliding friction of the cylinder. The semi-automatic Beretta, in recent decades has undergone updates is technical improvements, thus becoming a perfect weapon, well known and appreciated by hunters around the world.

Teresa Renda

Beretta, products, accessories, hunting, shooting, outdoor

side by side, external hammers

SHOTGUN SIDE BY SIDE WITH EXTERNAL HAMMERS

stock, forend, shotgun

Teresa Renda woman hunterOf side by side with external hammers there are two defined types, those spring forward and the spring back. In the first case the creator Stanton was at that Wolverhmapton of the nineteenth century began to develop sagomandole as we know them today, and the anchored to a generous nut that stood for strength.

These are easily recognizable even from a cursory external vision for the arrangement of the pins protruding behind the dog that the folder form an isosceles triangle with the vertex downward.   The toggle spring forward is considered to be less robust than in spring forth; the first fact requires a seat in the receiver for the housing of springs so as to make it theoretically less compact.   In the case of the spring back the whole is more compact because for this it is necessary to derive only one space in the receiver minimum for the housing of the plate.

side by side, external hammers, sgotgun, hunting, shooting

Sometimes, if not particularly expert eye, the visual difference between spring forward and spring back may not be easy to locate. This is because in many hunting shotguns with external hammers and spring back, the plate is drawn as if it were spring forward (called “false”) and this is done for what it is intended to be a useless aesthetic convex, whereas the spring is back.   Between the two, the greater sweetness in the armament of the dog is the prerogative of the spring forth; this is because the spring has a different length, but also for the provision of dell’acciarino same.   Except in terms of sweetness and loading force is a spring back in those batteries that develop a tinderbox particularly long and identified by a very elongated back plate. Present exclusively in very fine hunting guns. It is in these batteries is found the sweetness of loading springs forward.

 side by side, external hammers, sgotgun, hunting, shooting

All pistols shotguns with external hammers have a safety mechanism called the “bounce” that few hunters know but that can be analyzed by following this procedure: press the trigger is released the dog which consequently takes to strike the firing pin. The dog does not stop at the touch of the striker briefly but continues its run until the same is not stopped by the screw codpiece.

In this phase of overcoming the position which will then rest (hammer down) makes the tooth bounce calls into partially tension the mainspring, which is ridistende with immediacy. When the dog is at rest there is no possibility that the same is in contact with the firing pin by which remains separate for 1-2 millimeters providing absolute safety the weapon.

Teresa Renda

Beretta, products, accessories, hunting, shooting, outdoor

stock-and-forend

RESURRECTION OF THE SHOTGUN

stock, forend, shotgun

hunting expertThe shotgun of each hunter and / or shooter typically undergoes, in both the metal part that in that wood, abrasions and scratches, or simply loss of tone of color due to various factors including, in the first place, time. In addition to this, of course, also the wear and humidity affect, the latter phenomenon due to the use of the weapon in the cold winter days of hunting. We will go, then, to explore how to intervene manually on the wooden parts to bring them back in good condition, acting both on the color (giving it greater vitality and shine) on the structure, trying, with targeted interventions, to eliminate those small incisions that do not limit the functionality of the weapon, but make it less pleasant, especially in the eyes of those who are caring particularly those finishes.

What are the characteristics that the wood, an essential component of the weapon, must possess? Lightness, strength, ability to not distort over time as a result of shots fired and the recoil generated and malleability, id est the ability to be worked with ease in order to create different types of stocks and the possibility to be carved with ease for the creation of drawings that do not tend to blur with the passage of time.

For this invoice are used different types of wood suitable for the purpose.

No wood, however, is as valid as it is the “nut”, already introduced in the production of the first firearms.

It is the only type of wood, between those used, which encapsulates all the key characteristics mentioned above. The more valuable walnut is the French although, of course, can come from other countries, providing the same excellent features. The greatest value of the walnut is represented by its aspect that, following the sizing of the trunk, comes with veining, homogeneous color, porous, robust and lightweight. Also the Italian walnut is not to be despised, although not widely used for the realization of stocks for shotgun.

Only for particular types of weapons we use the “Circassian walnut” from Russia and that, in addition to beautiful grain, has beautiful reflexes, even in not excellent light; its use is, however, limited because it has high costs for feedstock and demands a more accurate processing compared to the classic walnut. Other wood used is beech, albeit of lower quality than the nut for increased heaviness and the veins usually quite faded. The beech, although not indicated for a shotgun of great value or collector, has been widely used in the production of war weapon as Springfleld.

shotgun

Also several hundreds of thousands of Kalashnikov, currently ubiquitous in the most “hot” areas in the world, have the stock in beech.

Very rarely are also used the maple and the monaco, but the guns with these stock are present only in some regions of Asia.

The restoration of shotgun

The work of cleaning and finishing of wood is a thing for professionals; key is to avoid performing these functions unless you are more than expert, in order not to “spoil” in a definitive way, or nearly, the beauty of the weapon. So you can do the work by yourself only if you have the necessary experience, even if it is always advisable to consult “professional expert” who with competence, passion and use of suitable products, will be able to bring the weapon to an aspect like new.

The transactions listed below to restore the wood are generally carried out only by a professional restorer. This person is a “wood artist” who well knows the importance of the use of exclusive materials and techniques coincident at the time of realization of the gun to be restored.

The only true serious restoration problem is, however, another; the gunsmith is unfortunately an endangered professional, or nearly so, since very few people decide to go down this road craft, carrying on the weapon-making culture of previous generations. The work of the gunsmith may, however, become a profession in all respects, which requires great talent and desire to learn and that, while often lack an adequate financial reward, certainly knows how to be very rewarding. The restoration of the wooden part takes place in a single step? Absolutely no, never! It should also be noted that there is intervention and intervention; one thing is just to bring the weapon bright, and another to take action to remove imperfections, rearrange checkerings…

shotgun hunting

Let us, therefore, to do some clarity on the various steps in the process:

  • Separation of the metal parts from the wooden ones;
  • Removing the previous impregnationof oil with which they were treated the same. This is done with the dive of these in boiling water containing mild soap, subsequent rubbing with brush (not in a steel or with teeth too rigid) in order to remove the oil which emerges from the timber, left for time in boiling water. This operation is carried out several times in order to bring to the surface residues of oil and to can remove them.

Became necessary to repeat the transaction until “micro-droplets of oil” no more will surface;

  • Stripping carried throughaccurate drawing with the brush of a few coats of paint stripper typically made up of a mixture of caustic soda and acetone; its corrosive power melts the paint without going to affect the structure of the wood. To complete the transaction, then you must make use a spatula in order to remove the paint; it should be used with extreme lightness to prevent damaging the wood.

With these procedures shows the raw wooden weapon and it is now that the work superfine begins, ie the actual restoration.

It takes place through the following steps:

  • Elimination of abrasions and bruisesthat are removed by rubbing very gently with sandpaper with a very subtle “grain”. To remove very tiny chips a simple swab is applied to a piece of wood with he size of a match that is rotated over the treated area to remove the whole;
  •  Elimination of holes and / or splinters of wood: these ruined parts are treated with a grinder with a circle of working in soft felt, impregnated with abrasive paste. This treatment leads to an increase of the surface spalling or section of the forum which is, however, compensated by the application of pastes suitable to plug the hole and take the natural line of the wood by sanding later. For this purpose are generally used various types of resins, among which the most suitable is that used for the vessels and, therefore, for marine use. Compared to all other resins, this has the advantage of being more flexible, easier to apply, to take immediately the required shape with a simple and light sanding and be particularly predisposed to absorb the most of the color that will be subsequently applied without leaving streaks or no shade;
  • • Renew the checkering: the checkering, really, often doesn’t ruins in, but his line and depth tend to decrease fat accumulation due to contact with the hands, as well as moisture and dirt. Became enough then to switch several times (2-3 times) a particular type of solvent in wide commercial use and available in many armories, with the aid of a simple brush to remove any debris. After the first pass, you will notice a pronounced difference than before.
  • New water protection of wood: this is the phase that precedes the final painting. In this phase sealing materials are laid on the wood, generally derived from chemical substances and however readily available, which allow us to limit the new wear caused by moisture in the case of subsequent use of the weapon for hunting purposes or for target shooting. The master restorers generally stretch 2-3 coats of waterproofing, letting between them the time required for the timber is soaked in the substance.
  • Painting: is the penultimate stage of the cycle of restoration, one that allows the weapon to return to their natural color, reviving it in the tone and enhancing the wood grain. At this stage it is absolutely not necessary to use the exact same shade of color that the wood had previously; you can, in fact, use a different shade, better if a little darker to give greater prominence to the wood itself, highlighting the grain and making them much more pleasing to the eye for ancient. You can also create mixtures with more colors, but to do this you have to be a true master because if the color that you give is not of high quality and pleasantness you risk damaging irreparably or almost the beauty of the shotgun, sometimes of high honor and owned by a collector.

Before making the painting is very important to “treat the wood with sealants’, available from specialist companies; they allow you to close all the “pores” that open into the wood as a result of the previous sanding and cleaning. In fact, these holes, if opened, through the chemical process of “osmosis” would tend to absorb moisture giving air contained in them outwards, resulting in irreparable bulge, if not breaking, of the wooden parts a short time after the painting.

• Polishing: it is the last stage, after which you will present to our eyes as a new weapon in its aesthetics. This is done by drawing up a few hands of “flaxseed oil” (possibly adjusted), letting it dry well between coats to allow for good absorption.

Also cottonseed oil and / or sesame seeds can be used as an alternative, but flax oil is best the long better than the others because it tends to “oxidize” when in contact with air, forming a transparent and elastic film that is advisable for many types of shotguns, not only by collectors but also fo hunting shotguns or for war weapons.

The restoration of the shotgun provides, generally, that all parties are renew and, therefore, not only the wooden ones but also mechanical ones, such as firing mechanisms, the castle and the barrel, but this topic we will discuss in the following .

For now, if you dare, have a “good job” !!

Alessio Ceccarelli

Beretta, products, accessories, hunting, shooting, outdoor

shooters

BE GOOD SHOOTERS

stock, forend, shotgun

Teresa Renda woman hunterThe rifle is the weapon for hunting safer and more powerful that man has ever been able to build on this doubt does not exist. But despite having far exceeded the legendary David’s sling or the bow of Diana or the spears of many peoples of the past, even the modern rifle hunting requires the hunter to be able to use it to the best; exactly how these weapons in the past.

It is not enough to pull the trigger to make sure to bring down a wild, but the weapon requires the consistent exercise and all of man’s ability to implement its full capacity detrimental. The dots must be directed with great precision on the prey often on the move, to intercept the trajectory, that it is the stroke of a hare or the flight of a partridge.

The hunters rush to buy the latest model of rifle cartridges and more effective, but often do not seek to improve their technique of the shot, with the theoretical and practical learning of the most basic methods of pointing, simply because they think they already perfect. An old proverb hunting says: “You can be born passionate hunters, but only with a regular exercise can become good shooters.”

The target must be targeted with precision for a few moments before gently press the trigger of the gun to make the shot. The shooting stopped is not difficult, in fact, requires accurate sighting to hit the animal with the central part of the shot pattern, especially shooting at arm loose, ie, with no weapon placed on stable surface, as a rule in the shot with the shotgun.

hunter, shooting

Throws a ball only made ​​in polygon, or those dots on the plate, show that any shooter is subject to errors of pointing, even in the shots stopped. Just who the shooter weapon emboss a small movement with the famous “shoulder shot” or with a jerk” on the trigger sudden, because the target can not be missed centered as expected.

When the shooter and the target are placed on the same horizontal plane, you must aim for the center body of the animal. If the target is located in a much higher or lower than the shooter, in both cases you should be aware of the pink dots ranks high compared to the focused point.

Hitting an animal that moves, flying or running on the ground, it is not always as easy as drinking a glass of water. Often depends on the speed and distance of the target, by the regularity of the trajectory, the time available to aim, by natural obstacles of the environment, the lighting conditions, the quick reflexes of the hunter, the different degree of fatigue, and the confidence in their own abilities.

hunting, shooting, shotgun

In any case, the obstacle resides in sending the shot is not where the eye locates the wild instant in which the finger presses the trigger, but where the animal will be found after a few seconds.

This advance” directional weapon, relative to the position of the animal, it must be estimated on the basis of his experience of shooting. Advance is a technical term used to mean a metric correction, depending on the direction of flight and the angle of the shot. The shot against moving targets can be performed with three different methods, which require a different value in advance.

The shot consists in bringing quickly jab the gun to the shoulder, and so that the line of sight is already to be automatically directed to the point of interception of the likely trajectory of the wild, or that the pointing requires a minimum fast correction. The eyes of the shooter must remain open in order to verify the outcome of the shot and repeat if necessary. This shot requires experience and alertness.

The second shooting system is defined as an accompaniment to overtake. It is used to shoot wild fast not having a linear trajectory, and the advance must be slightly lower than that required in the shooting of thrust, if the rifle is stopped at the moment when the trigger is pressed, otherwise the shot passes behind and below the target, according to which the flight is horizontal or vertical (the typical column of woodcock or pheasant in the woods).

The third type of shooting is called accompaniment to precede. Excellent results in the shootings at the farthest distances. The action can be broken down into five stages: sighting of the wild, shouldering the weapon, accompanying targeted trajectory for a long stretch, overtaking the target to get some early pressure on the trigger without stopping the movement of the rifle. In this case, the value of the advance can be much lower, because the angular velocity of the rods affects not just on the trajectory of the shot, in part compensating for the displacement from the wild. Obvious to say that the system is feasible only if there exists all the time to follow the target with the aiming line, to precede of just enough in relation to its speed and the distance. It is a precision shooting, performed with only one eye and with a good workout.

And now … good exercise to all !!

Teresa Renda

Beretta, products, accessories, hunting, shooting, outdoor

purdey, shotgun, hunting

PURDEY: THE MOST IMPORTANT CLOSING

stock, forend, shotgun

expert hunter, rifleWhen the hunting weapon had its greatest progress passing from the breech-loading to the avancarica, builders had the problem of how to introduce ammunition. They chose almost universally (Darne, in a second time, took another road) to tilt the shotgun and it became a weapon that opened in two forming an angle sufficient to introduce the hunting cartridge.

The new solution generated a new distressing problem with the gas seal and, then, relative to the absolute efficiency of the shot and the safety of the shooter.

This problem there was because the barrels and the receiver were no longer a single body, but two, and they had to be tightened between them and to resist the forces that, triggered by the combustion of gunpowder, tended to separate them. The rotation pin was absolutely not sufficient because its purpose was to allow the opening, so you had to devise the presence of a mechanical element able to resist the force of the explosion and keep the two parts (barrels and floor of the receiver) absolutely together.

The solution was devised by the company Purdey and was considered so ingenious and effective to be, from that time, the minimum standard of the closures of the modern shotgun. But how it was structured and how it works?

Closing Purdey shotgun

purdey, shothun, hunting, side by side

The barrels housed, above the receiver, have in the bottom two tenons that, in the closing phase, are inserted in the appropriate housing seat of the receiver.

Within the latter is housed a semi-bar constituted by two elements that, advancing at the time of closure of the weapon, operated by the turning key opening, tighten the beaks of the tenons. This closure is so tight if well done, to render useless the third closing (i.e. The Greener) that comes in function, for the most part, only a in case of the failure of the others.

The efficiency of the closing Purdey, called also “duplex” because of the tightening carried out by the two tenons, is considered so high that the company not added a third closing and even prestigious Italian companies, i.e. Bernardelli, still continue to do it. The dual closure Purdey is still used in all shotguns, hammerless and external hammer.

Alessio Ceccarelli

Beretta, products, accessories, hunting, shooting, outdoor

rifle, carbine, hunting, lever action, shooting

THE REPETITION OF THE WEST: LEVER ACTION RIFLE

shothunt, ear protection

Riccardo Ceccarelli, hunter

We have seen it wielded by John Wayne and his sidekicks and undoubtedly the repetition lever carbine has had a resounding success in the North America that still continues.

The whole genesis of repetition lever weapons was born in the United States, on the wave of strong demand for weapons that have a high rate of fire. The studies and patents were outlined according to two well-defined lines.

The first line led to the realization of the Spencer carbine, weapon provided with a tubular reservoir housed in stock and equipped with circular shutter which rotated forward and backward, thanks to a lever that is extension of the bridge that protects the trigger. The carbine had a brief success in the market for the simple reason that housed very short ammunition which of course, due to the low powder charge hosted, resulted less powerful.

rifle, carbine, hunting, lever action, shooting

The second line, in North America, was the Henry carbine, which reproduced the patent Volcanic that in 1854 Smith and Wesson had deposited for the realization of a big pistol which proved impractical and not appreciated by the market for the devastating competition proposal by Colt with its drum handguns.

rifle, carbine, hunting, lever action, shooting

Oliver Fisher Winchester in 1857 bought the patent and or put it into practice in the model Henry in 1860. In this one the closing was structured in three aligned hinges. It was an important system in the history of firearms since the alignment criterion was taken from the Luger automatic pistols and Maxim machine gun.

rifle, carbine, hunting, lever action, shooting

The Henry carbines were produced continuously from 1860 to 1919 and the original model, produced until 1866, then was changed for the power supply (which originally was towards the end of the tank) with the introduction of a flap on the side of the receiver, run by a spring, which made the loading more convenient. Both Henry that the parallel Winchester 1866 used rimfire cartridges. In 1973 came the revolution in terms of ammunition, consecrated in Winchester 1973, with the new centerfire cartridges, better performance than the previous ones. The new ammunition forced the company to reinforce the overall structure of the weapon for the most power of ammunition fired.

rifle, carbine, hunting, lever action, shooting

The increased power of the ammunition did the company note, however, that the Henry system had serious limitations and in the years after 1884, thanks to the genius of John Moses Browning, the system was partially revolutionized in another carbine of great success, the model 1894.

The commercial success of the company was huge, particularly in the North American continent enjoying a huge spread and became undoubtedly the symbol of an era. There were also times in which the differentiation between a military weapon and a sport weapon was tenuous and in this context the same Russia, for its armed forces, required massive orders to Winchester. Despite the great success, few imitation attempts were made because of the big company’s ability to cover with many patents its production. Probably only the Spanish “Tiger” remains the only attempt to approach the most popular ever lever carbine.

While Winchester was celebrating his achievements, another manufacturer, Marlin, carrying on his projects through the creation of patents with side ejection as opposed to earlier who had expelled vertically. Great action also that of Marlin that had a good success but never became universally appreciated as the most celebrated Winchester.

Riccardo Ceccarelli

Beretta, products, accessories, hunting, shooting, outdoor

mauser rifle bolt action

MAUSER THE KING BOLT ACTION

stock, forend, shotgun

Riccardo Ceccarelli, hunterWhen the brothers Wilhelm and Paul Mauser perfected their bolt action patent for the rifles, “won” a thrilling race that had been unleashed among many European producers and not only, to search for an efficient system of repetition and able to give to the armies a wider volume of fire. In reality repeater systems existed already. In North America continent the lever system was asserted (Winchester, Marlin, Henry, Spencer, etc.) but these weapons provided, for the management of their tank, ammunition with a rounded nose cone that ill-suited to high-distance shots, need that armies had more and more insistently.

So they were looking for something different and, although the Mauser brothers were two of the many who were studying new solutions, they were the first who developed a new system really effective that celebrated with the model 1898 that became the weapon ordinance of the German army and there was both during the first and the second world war. The system of rotating cylindrical sliding shutter, that the Anglo-Saxons called bolt action, was even taken over by the American army because the legendary model Springfiled 1903 had in some Mauser patents of which had been duly purchased the license. The two world wars, and many other of the period that developed in World, supplied the Mauser lot of experience to make all improvements and to make its bolt action throughout the twentieth century the highest performance ever.

mauser. rifle. shooting. war, hunting

But why was it so appreciated in terms of the market?

The patent and the subsequent improvements brought at least 4 elements of success:

A – The great simplicity of the locking repeat mechanisms that were made ​​with a considerably reduced number of components, correlated to the simplicity of use and maintenance.

B – The high safety degree of the locking mechanisms, able to ensure also the use of ammunition of high power, and safety in relation to the reduced risk of jamming during the action of resetting.

C – Duration virtually unlimited if the bolt action is made ​​with good quality materials and is treated in time with proper care and maintenance.

D – The great versatility because that the same bolt action could be successfully used in the production of many weapon models without modification of particular importance, and this on the industrial level was and is a not negligible factor.

mauser, rifle, hunting. war, shooting

For these characteristics, although the Mauser were two of many, their system came to be universally accepted as a point of reference, both for military weapons for those destined for hunts, even those for impressive animals which, until that time, had been prerogative of the express.

Riccardo Ceccarelli

Beretta, products, accessories, hunting, shooting, outdoor

rfm, hunting, shotgun. rifle

RFM: RIFLE AND SHOTGUN HAND MADE

SPONSORED BY

Stock, forend, old shotgun

huntersMaurizio Bertolassi, personable, knowledgeable and creative craftsman Sarezzo (Italy)  puts this philosophy in the weapons they produce. Ne more, no less. For a short time he decided to go to the direct production after many years and experiences in some of the most celebrated companies in the arms sector. And so it is with his co-workers are also repositories of a wealth of experience in the construction manual of arms for hunting and sports. The result of this combination is RFM, dynamic company that has been proposed on the market fighting in these years of crisis and the narrow ricavandosi visibility and appreciation on both the national and international market.

This success stems from the great capacity for innovation and the creative force of not less Maurizio and his Staff, capable of producing weapons general but also specific, highly appreciated abroad.

Speaking of RFM is to talk about goals, though, with equal capacity are made by overlapping hunting and target shooting. But as we know every company is identified with its specific DNA and that of the house of Sarezzo is the rifle barrel juxtaposed. On the most classic of hunting weapons RFM is produced in imported creations for special hunts, in addition to the range of standard shotguns.

The visit Cacciaearmi.it has created the company in July has allowed us to fully appreciate and touch comes as a weapon. The first element that has emerged from the long and passionate interview with Maurizio, continued after closing with a great pizza is the motor company: passion.

From this and only this stems from the deep knowledge of a subject not easy made ​​of ability to design a rifle just doing two sketches on a sheet of paper and then produce it in accordance with the laws of ballistics which is the only and absolute examining the weapon.

A profession, that of the artisan producer of weapons, which knows no computer for the design, because everything that the computer should develop in his mind is already made and the idea that she has in mind. To this is associated with a profound knowledge of the working of metal and wood, so as to combine these two elements into a weapon that looks and perfect functioning. In the midst of this there is an infinite number of instruments hanging on the walls and immense wisdom in knowing how to use.

This is RFM, this is Maurizio Bertolassi, these are his employees. I had perceived in the availability of Mauritius to participate in Hunt Village 2013 to Focus on the 16 gauge that behind his words and his answers had concealed a large jurisdiction, that humility was not obliged to flaunt; but it was of great thickness; and our staff has discharged entering into the world of detail that is the laboratory of an artisan producer of hunting and target shooting. Today laboratories such as those of RFM, welcome visitors in elegant atelier, but they distance to a door there is the clever builder in his kingdom who creates his works.

PRODUCTS

The two rods juxtaposed characterize, as mentioned, RFM, and on this the company has a curriculum really important, recognized in many countries where exports to the effectiveness and innovation.

We begin a brief tour of a truly singular goals, at which French hunters can not do without water. We talk about the mighty CANARD doppiettone exclusively for the water, weighing 5.5 kg and on which it is possible to apply a perspective. Equipped with rod 81 cm of 12 gauge Supermagnum with double 89 mm and calcium plus has the distinction given by the second trigger to explode at the same time the two shots especially very useful in ducks in the ponds cutlery. The weapon is therefore capable of projecting a higher charge on the target all’etto of shot, that’s why the important weight of a weapon that works nonetheless supported.
RFM canard shotgun hunting

hunting, shotgun, shooting, rifle

Another weapon is the singular FOREST, magnum shotgun in camo and configuration with reeds separate and divergent who gather in a sprint finish to accommodate the fiber optic sight. Also set to special hunts that require a high enlargement of pink over long distances is provided on the second trigger the departure of the two contemporary hits.

hunting, shotgun, shooting, rifle

From the research of benefits to long distances to short the distance is short and the RFM catalog has an interesting shotgun for hunting, woodcock BECCASSIER the cane equipped with the right radial.
RFM BECCASSIER shotgun for hunting woodcock.

hunting, shotgun, shooting, rifle
But the distinction of having RFM does not end in production also twice named COMBINED with two barrels with different gauge.

hunting, shotgun, shooting, rifle

Among the special shotguns produced by RFM then could not miss the specific SLUG for hunting wild boar hunts.

hunting, shotgun, shooting, rifle

And then the “normal” Mythos and Zeus produced in an infinite number of variations and calibers and unbelievable even in the 16th, the protagonist of a strong return in the receiver obviously dedicated.

hunting, shotgun, shooting, rifle

rfm-side-by-side-zeus

Moving from doubles to the superposed RFM offers the SK series is in hunting version, produced in all sizes and in version shooting, particularly appreciated by a good number of visitors to the platform.

hunting, shotgun, shooting, rifle

RFM SK superimposed hunting and sporting

But confirming the great ability to experiment, is running an absolute gem in 16 gauge, which soon this site will provide details, please because we are faced with an absolute novelty on the market of hunting weapons.
We close this brief passage in RFM with a slogan dear to Maurizio Bertolassi “YOUR RIFLE build it …… TOGETHER !!”
And do not forget to pay a visit on the farm, but be careful, you might come out with a rifle, because the company sell directly to individuals. Bring behind the firearms do not ever, the seduction of certain weapons knows no boundaries.

www.rfmarmi.it

Alessio Ceccarelli

Beretta, products, accessories, hunting, shooting, outdoor

shoting angle of site rifle

SHOOTING HUNTING: ANGLE OF SITE

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Riccardo Ceccarelli, hunter

The hunt for rifle amateur is often preceded by a large number of tests in shooting range where we can calibrate very well rifle and optics. But then, when we move in countryside armed for hunting practice, we have to confronted ourselves with  a ballistic problem that we didn’t can. As it  always happens in the Alps and Apennines, we will in the condition in which the shooter and the target are located on different levels and this important new element, not present in the polygon, will test us to find a new adjustment and correction of the shot.

All of us bullet hunters the physical logic of the trajectory of a bullet, and we all know one thing: the trajectory of a projectile is not linear but curved. This happens because as soon as the projectile exits from the barrel begins to undergo the effect of the force of gravity. So far the concept is logical and easily acceptable. This is the reason why all we know that the shot fall and that the calibration of the optics to a specific distance is not more than the compensation for this fall, variable from time to time in function of the launch velocity of the projectile and by its weight.

So the trajectory is curved and in case of reset at 218 yards, the trajectory passes above the horizontal line at 164 yards.

angle of site, shooting, hunting, rifle

When we shoot upward (with positive angle) or down (negative angle) the calibration must be compensated because, in both cases, the shot trajectory will be higher than the target focused. In this case, the mathematical formula that explains the phenomenon is quite complicated, but the hunter will need to know that he will have compensate make as if he had aim lower. Excluding that everyone has the mental capacity to compensate that some very expert alpine hunters have, we try to give references. In relation to the angle of site with which we shoot downwards or upwards and established the exact distance of the target, we have to compensate as if we had to shot to a nearest target.

But how much closer?

There are many reference tables that contain multipliers. Here we report for convenience compensation coefficients ranging from 15 to 60 degrees of inclination.

15 ° angle multiplier 0.96 30 ° angle multiplier 0.87 45 ° angle multiplier 0.70 60 ° angle multiplier 0.50

Let’s take an example.

If we shoot a chamois placed over us, and we find that the angle of the shot has an angle of 45 degrees, we should consider that the calculation of the trajectory for the animal positioned a 218 yards will be as follows: 218 yards x 0.70 = 153 yards.

angle of site, shooting, hunting, rifle

We will have to consider, therefore, that it will be like to shoot at a target placed at 153 yards and, then, we have to adjust the optical.

Riccardo Ceccarelli

Beretta, products, accessories, hunting, shooting, outdoor