hunting, shotgun, woodcock


shothunt, ear protection

Riccardo Ceccarelli, hunterOn the hunting ground of many errors result in the shooting distance and such events are frequent in both shots at long or short distance. In short shots hit the wild can mean destroy it and render it useless for the kitchen, but more often it can mean mark it completely.
The teachings of the old hunters were to “wait” and to ward off the wild but there are hunts, primarily the woodcock, where this is often not possible. The delay in the shooting would make it impossible to do so for the large capacity of the queen to interpose between himself and the hunter a great deal of natural obstacles.

Modern technology, however, is coming to the aid both in the area of ​​weapons of ammunition with proper tools to pull short and that they maintain unchanged the effectiveness detrimental; new materials and important insights help us today to make shots at short distances of absolute effectiveness.

hunting, shontgun, woodcock

Radiused throttle paradoxIl first important step is the replacement of the rifle generic “good for all”, with specialized weapons that can help us in the short throws. The old conception of generic weapons with barrels long enough and fairly heavy can now be conveniently replaced with rifles with barrels shorter and much lighter.

The reduced length of the rod is already in itself a factor that facilitates the dispersion of the shot pattern transverse to the fact that the pressure at the mouth is not yet normalized and causes an enlargement though hardly manageable swarm of dots. The easing of the arms is also important, since they are designed to shoot a few shots as part of a day.

Hunting woodcock instead means fatigue and weight reduction comes to us because we will be better able to be responsive and explode with speed shot. Some argue that lightweight rifles, and with less material, you scassano soon. You can safely argue saying that rifles are Woodcock intended by nature of poop that are designed to shoot over their life cycle, a number of shots considerably less than similar used for hunting migratory, so that argument is hardly sustainable.

hunting, shontgun, woodcockThe shotguns to shoot intended to pull rods that courts have generally not exceeding 65 cm but very often totaled about 62 cm. A further development that has taken place is linked to the choke that these weapons are intended to facilitate the widening of pink.

We can find or even type of cylindrical radial paradox. These are made in them by a corrugation is to assume that the swarm of the shot tends to be a trend centrifugal useful to expand the next pink.

A highly specialized such weapons is a good idea to associate ammunition specifically designed for shooting at short distance. Once it was considered sufficient that these had not the container and the wad was only able to serve the purpose. Subsequently, and for years now, have been placed on the market equipped with specific ammunition wads cross able, depending on the various forms of splitting the column of dots in 4 or more sectors.

The output from the muzzle of the swarm segmented bullets (thus more swarms parallel) allows the resistance of the air to better perform its function opponent made ​​an enlargement of the shot pattern from the first meters. These solutions provided in cartridges that have taken the name of “dispersants”, now allows to have a very short distances pink uniform and effective. A new frontier for woodcock hunters.

Riccardo Ceccarelli

Beretta, products, accessories, hunting, shooting, outdoor


leica, geovid, sport optics, hunting, bird watching


stock, forend, shotgun

Presented in January at the Shot Show in Las Vegas the LEICA 8×42 Geovid HD-B is part of a new generation of binoculars that combine observation, distance measurement, ergonomics, and ballistic calculation in a way that the world has never seen before.

LEICA Geovid 8 x 42/10 x 42 HD-B –
optical cacciaDotati of the new ballistic system ABC® (Advanced Ballistic Compensation) and integrated micro-SD card that-for the first once- allows the hunter to load data ballistic his ball in a pair of binoculars, the new Leica Geovid HD-B offers superior accuracy and total versatility for all types of hunting use.

leica, geovid, sport optics, hunting, birdwacting

From technology from Leica, a pioneer since 1992 in binoculars with integrated rangefinder, in this case the revolution is the only appropriate term, because the new Geovid is extraordinarily innovative in every respect, so much so that it makes no sense to compare it to any binoculars with rangefinder on the market today . A true revolution in each of the three main elements that characterize a pair of binoculars with rangefinder.

1 Revolution Optics: Optical and extraordinary depth of field unprecedented, for an observation never felt before. For the first time in decades, a new optical system based on Porro prism (in this version are called Perger Porro). Their characteristic is to offer a very deep and three-dimensional.

After decades since the last Porro prism binoculars, Leica it innovates the concept based on optical HD lens Fluorite and thus offering the most modern optical quality to the overall level of competition and the best images from the three-dimensional extraordinary.

2 Revolutionary Design: unique shape, wider space between the tubes, no compromise in appearance to accommodate the rangefinder.

leica, geovid, sport optics, hunting, birdwacting

After so many years without innovations in appearance of a pair of binoculars, the Geovid HD-B reaches unprecedented ergonomics with a form which, thanks to the use of Porro-prism Perger, allows the eyepieces to be in position lower than objectives, with enormous advantages in letting thumbs in their natural position below the rest of the fingers and in leaving it to other eight fingers of the hands an internal space to the two tubes for the appeal much higher than that of any comparable product. Even larger hands will enjoy un’impugnabilità never proven.

LEICA Geovid 8 x 42/10 x 42 HD-B – optical cacciaIn more, for the first time it was not necessary any compromise in design: the rangefinder is revealed only by the two buttons measurement and there is no other element that differentiates the Geovid HD-B from a normal binoculars.

3 Revolution in the measurement of the distance: over the distance with the angle of site

The new Geovid HD-B is the measurement instrument most complete on the market, adopting the same software ABC® Rangefinder CRF 1600-b, measure temperature, barometric pressure and angle of the site and incorporates them automatically in the calculation, providing the correct distance with the ‘corner of the site, or get up in centimeters or number of clicks to finally give the ballistic turret to be accurate at any distance.

But the revolution is complete adaptation to the ball used by the hunter, thanks to a removable microSD card, such as digital cameras, on which you can save the information provided by the ballistics program available soon on

sport optics, leica, geovid, hunting

The program is easy to use and works like that for ballistic reticles and turrets: the hunter sets the data of the ball he uses and saves them to the microSD card. The result is a tool that does not read more than just the correct distance with the angle of the site, but how many clicks directly to the ballistic turret, no longer need to use tables. Each hunter can have as many cards microSD how many weapons have, to have his Geovid HD-B always set on the weapon.

LEICA Geovid 8 x 42/10 x 42 HD-B – optical cacciaIl Geovid HD-B is very fast (3.10 second to measure) and powerful, and its measurement capabilities of nearly two kilometers.

The LED automatically adjusts its illumination intensity to ambient light, allowing always the optimal reading of the data. The treatment Acquadura® on external lenses prevents dirt and water to join.



Technical data LEICA Geovid 8 x 42/10
x 42 HD-B

Supplied with neoprene strap, eyepiece cap, lens caps, case in Cordura
Magnification: 8 x / 10 x
Objective lens diameter: 42 mm
Exit pupil: 5.2 mm / 4.2 mm
Twilight Factor: 18.3 / 20.5
Field of view at 1000 m: 130 m / 114 m
Minimum focus distance: 5 m
Diopter compensation: +/- 4 dpt.
Measuring range of distance: 10 m – 1,825 m
Accuracy of measurement: +/- 1 m up to 500 m
+/- 2 m up to 1,000 m
+/- 0.5% over
1,000 m
Display: LED display four characters with illumination intensity adjusted to the ambient light automatically
Eyecups removable: Yes, removable with 4 stops
Eyepieces suitable for eyeglass wearers: Yes
Focus Adjustment: Inner ring with central
Lens coatings: HDC® multilayer AquaDura®
Sealing: up to 5 m
Body: Magnesium, nitrogen filling Dimensions
(L / W / H): 127 × 81 mm × 177/125 × 168 × 70 mm
Weight: 950/945 g, including battery
Laser: Class 1 is not harmful to the eyes, according to standard
Measurement functions: Scanning mode
Functions ballistic: Yes
correct distance with angle of site, get up click / MOA for the turret
Battery: 1 x 3V CR-2 lithium
Battery Life: ~ 2,000
measurements at 20 ° C
Measuring speed: ~ 0.3 ”

Beretta, products, accessories, hunting, shooting, outdoor

carbine, rifle, hunting, wild boar


RiccardoThere are those who detect, often with excessive dose of criticality, which in the field of hunting weapons the news are always a few, forgetting that these can not be derived from entirely new products, but some interesting revisions of established products, whose original design is so “good in origin” to accommodate improvements in the time of great importance.

A case known to most, is that of the American B52 bomber, which had its baptism of fire in Vietnam in the 60s, he continued to be a player until the second Gulf War in 2003 40 years of excellent service only because his initial project wore in dowry great potential for development. Benelli, allows history from repeating itself, through its Argo rifle, that after the first sale took place some years ago, is giving many interesting developments for the benefit of the hunter.

carbine, rifle, hunting, wild boar

After the recent version E (endurance), which introduced interesting new techniques, Benelli is again failed to impress – but it has become a tradition almost waiting – concentrating its technical knowledge on the physical relationship between the Argo E, and the hunter who wields the and paying attention to the latter for his comfort. E ‘born on this basis, the Argo And Progressive Comfort, rifle joke that if the concepts embodied in the futuristic recoil reduction, already celebrated by the success of the semi-Raphael Raffaello Crio Power Bore and Black.

In the rifle, as in the semi, the technical concepts of containment marked impact on the shoulder of the hunter were associated with maintaining the use of wood, beginning to produce a rare blend of beauty and functionality. But the evolution of the Argo Progressive Comfort And, it was not immediate it simple. Even with the vast experience gained from Benelli in recoil reduction, the design process has provided an important analysis study of the vectors of the forces that come to the shoulder and the development of mathematical models designed to achieve the ultimate goal, in combination, remember, with a wooden butt of Montecarlo. And I can say today that in his Benelli carbine gave “comfort walnut”, it also means pay her a further step forward in the evolutionary history of the weapon hunting rifled.

carbine, rifle, hunting, wild boar

At first glance it appears definitely nice football with his form montecarlo, where the color combination of wood and dark parts of a visual sense of positivity. But the appearance, never second Benelli, is the only positive element for the benefit of the eye. Far more interesting is the benefit to the shoulder of the hunter and hunting action in which he is immersed. The Progressive Comfort is specifically made ​​up of two major components: a cushioning system and an innovative recoil. The first is made of polymer that goes to meet a beam structure inside the football nut. These, under the action of the force of the recoil, tend to flex, absorbing a part of the kinetic energy. The cantilever beams are divided into two groups: the first is a Member of the absorption of the lower impact forces while the second group goes into action with the most important forces, providing the progression of reduction – which takes its name from the weapon – and breaking down negative feelings on the shoulder of the hunter. The cushioning system is integrated in the butt microcellular polyurethane which helps, when firing, the recoil reduction. And that, both for the material that has the property of absorbing energy, both because, expanding against the shoulder allows to render part of the human body distributed over a greater surface. Benelli has experimented extensively solutions used and the graph shown here, is more than many words, the evidence of the excellent work carried out.

carbine, rifle, hunting, wild boar

To complete the comfort, the butt of the rifle, Benelli has also intervened on the nose. This, applied in the dorsal part and formed of the same material of the butt, has the prerogative to absorb the vibrations of the shot, interrupting their transmission deleterious to the skull and increasing the overall feeling of comfort. Both recoil lug that are interchangeable (the weapon has different sizes supplied), allowing the hunter to find its right position. The second fundamental prerogative of the Progressive Comfort system is the benefit ballistic made ​​from it. Argo rifles are intended for the courts and the boar is their game of choice is known to hunt in difficult environment for important vegetation cover and the speed and sudden changes of direction suida. The Argo And Comfort Progressive a successful hunting much easier because the system allows for the elimination of the very tipping generated by the recoil, allowing the hunter, in a few moments useful to the shooting, to stay with the weapon in the line of sight and concentrate on target. The benefit is important, to enjoy an easy aim on a wild often requires doubling the shots.

Another prerogative of the Argo And Progressive Comfort is visually perceptible, is a new color of the casing slightly faded to brown. But what matters even more is the technical aspect of the staining, who created with an innovative aluminum electrolytic anodizing process gives the castle that houses the shutter, trigger group and magazine, superior weather resistance, superior hardness surface and maintaining a long-lasting color.

In the Argo And Progressive Comfort, Benelli has high care in the choice of woods and in their treatment; either carrying in wood grade 2, finite oil, and equipping them with checkering Wood Touch that provide a pleasant and firm grip on the gloved hand that is free. Available at the time of purchase two kicks of different lengths (350 and 365), which together with the supplied interchangeable recoil pads allow excursions ranging from 350 to 380 mm, allowing you to find the optimal distance butt-trigger (LOP) for each hunter.

Apart from these interesting and functional innovations, the new rifle Benelli preserves all the performance peculiarities present in Argo E. We find therefore, constructed of stainless steel the group of outlet gas and the relative piston. Benelli has also equipped his rifle a very good speed of disassembly and ease of access to components for a more thorough cleaning that should be inherent in every good hunter. The reeds at the top as was the custom of the company Urbino, made with hammering steel Cr Mb, with cryogenic treatment, burnished, 51 cm long and equipped with a right-hand rifling to 6 principles. These are interchangeable and proposals in the calibers 30.06 Springfield and .308 Winchester.

Chargers prismatic 2, 4 shots (even 10 where permitted), sling swivels quick release always useful for driven hunts, complete potential of this rifle when Benelli, at the height of his coat of arms, was able to concentrate a lot of novelties, to meet the needs of most real hunter.

Riccardo Ceccarelli

Beretta, products, accessories, hunting, shooting, outdoor

small hunting, shotgun, cartidges


shothunt, ear protection

small hunting, shotgun, cartidgesWith the arrival of September, the small game is set up in our country, especially pheasants, hares and partridges. In this period, therefore, the Wild also has all the physical characteristics that allow it to be able to implement the necessary defenses to counteract the activity carried out by the Hunter.

It is also l’epoca you open hunting sedentary, which goes live on the day of the opening to the closing which usually coincides, at least for some species, or just before the end of the calendar year.

small hunting, shotgun, cartidges

Like any type of hunting that also has features for its permanent involving The use of firearms and calibrated in a certain way and with certain characteristics. Became this type of hunting for old hunters, maybe still in business, but are part of a generation or two ago, brings back the memories associated with many moments such as, for example, an opening very rich prey affected, or of strokes particularly difficult that led to excellent results with l’uccisione trophies, such as the hare that, in hunting sedentary, represents a trophy for a hunter always coveted.

What are the appropriate tools to perform effective town’s how much fun hunting resident? We seek here to make a classification, the most concise as possible, that surely little new give the expert hunter but that, on the contrary, may be useful for the novice.

A) The hunter must have a good shotgun 12 gauge or even 20, it is obvious that caliber will also vary depending on the types of cartridges to be used. The gun must be in a suitable condition at the level of cleanliness, especially the battery and / and rods and have all of its parts in perfect working order to avoid having a weapon ballistically invalid and, moreover, even dangerous to those who use it .

Do a thorough maintenance of a’arma at the end of the hunting season, with identical operation to be repeated just before the start of the next, always represent the best viaticum.

It is often recommended that a quick glance dall’armiere generally see immediately if there is any imperfection and, perhaps, the need to replace a few pieces.

Among the types of guns is not any one in particular is to be preferred, we say that the most popular are the shotguns, the automatic and superimposed all good weapons.

small hunting, shotgun, cartidges

B) The most suitable cartridge for hunting preferable to sedentary is loaded with a dose of lead medium-high; can happen, for example, which can break down a fairly volatile sized with a small caliber, but this will happen if you shoot a short distance behind the dog and l’alzata, however, always with a minimum of luck.

Generally we use the so-called “improperly” armored cartridges that have a base whose height varies from 3 to 4 cm. The name of this cartridge is improper because, in a future article, we will see the characteristics of the cartridge “Battleship” proper.

Generally, the cartridge case back with height 3 cm is always more than good, even if the eye of the hunter, see the bottom of the cartridge with a cartridge from 4-5 cm to always have the feeling of having in his hands a lot more cartridge performance.

C) The dots to be used must have a charge that goes from 34 to 38 g; if you shoot a wild tonnage of an adult pheasant, the numbering of the shot generally varies from 7.8 for shooting at short range when the wild part as a result of the lift of the dog, up to 6.5 or even the 4 especially if you shoot in the open countryside, at distances that are often at the limit of the range of the shot.

If you are in a forest, or place, however, impervious and low visibility, where the pheasant gets up in the short range of the shot, it is good to use as a substantial number 4 which may seem exaggerated, but it is often because must overcome the obstacles located in the woods and / or in the undergrowth, such as leaves, twigs, etc. ..

D) The powders used for hunting sedentary generally consist of slow-burning propellants but highly progressive. The pressure that the cartridges are loaded with these powders generate approximately 700 bar, loads perfectly acceptable for a normal rifle, although generating a recoil quite dry. Are commercially available cartridges are much more powerful though, in my opinion, over-sized for the sedentary, that is very extreme cartridges that can get inside the barrel to generate up to 1,000 bar.

These cartridges belong to the category of those with “high performance”. Manufacturers, in packs containing this type of cartridges, clearly show these high-performance and their consequences in terms of pressures they generate, not so much to ensure the hunter on the results that can be achieved, but to warn of the risk that may result The use of these cartridges.

It can happen that the hunter possesses a gun, maybe even old and which has not been approved over the 800/900 bar.

  In these cases it is best to stay away from the cartridges to “high performance” in order to avoid serious damage to their health.

E) The wads that are used can be either plastic container with vegetable fiber. As a general advice, but of course is at the discretion of the hunter, it is advisable to insert a cartridge into the barrel first with felt wad, then a second with a wad of plastic because, in the case of departure of the volatile as a result of the dog and close range, the first may be more effective; then if you need the so-called second shot, you will use the one with the wad of plastic that gives more boost to the shot and, therefore, a greater range of the shot.

If you are located in covered places for which the shot is fired always and only at distances, we recommend instead the use of only cartridge with felt wad, with l’ulteriore aid of canes little choked.

F) The cartridge at the top can be equipped with two different types of closure: closure “round edge” and “crimp closure. The first, which commercially available is greatly decreased, due to higher production costs, produces, when firing, pink larger, but slightly shorter, while the one on the crimp closure, which is the most popular, produces pinkish more focused, narrower and slightly longer with more opportunities to cool the prey if the shot is well directed and the same is invested in full by the same rosy.

In addition to the pheasant, there are two types of permanent hunting hunting extremely widespread; hunting hare and the partridges, grouse and partridges.

In hare hunting is necessary to have cartridges “substantial” and, here, using gauges cartridges ranging from 2 up to zero as the hare, being extremely fast and with the bones and muscles strong, to be gunned must necessarily be hit with cartridges with considerable power d’impatto, with a high caliber of lead. In fact, the hare can also be affected with cartridges “lighter” and, perhaps, with a greater number of dots which, although going to target, not fatally affect on prey.

In the hunt partridges, grouse and partridges instead the speech is completely different; In fact, it is advisable to use as small a number to the 8th of the first shot and a 7, that is a little more substantial if the first shot was not solver and considering that the prey is in the process of removal than the hunter.

In Italy it is a type of detectable partridge called “ciukar” that, besides having dimensions larger than the classical partridge, has the habit to get away to pawn for many meters and, therefore, when fly off at times is already almost to limit of the range of the shot. For this type of bird it is obvious return to more substantial numbers such as 4 or 5 at the most, as well as hitting an animal that can better resist the action of the shot is hit at a greater distance, then the charge of the cartridge must be substantial.

Last point to make concerns the climatic conditions in which it is carried out hunting sedentary. Generally occurs when the opening in September climates are hot and dry with an average humidity, going to l’autunno often we encounter in colder climates and wetter. The variant climate must be taken into consideration as regards both the heat and cold and is especially as regards of humidity.

In the case of medium to high humidity is essential to choose the cartridges where dust mixtures are not very hygroscopic, that is, that are not affected by moisture or high may limit performance. Everyone knows, of course, what to buy and the good advice of friends will do the rest to provide the bandolier of ammunition most suitable for each hunt.

Soon it will start a new season for all appassioniati to which the Staff of does a great good luck!

Teresa Renda

Beretta, products, accessories, hunting, shooting, outdoor

Express. rifle, hunting, african



Stock, forend, old shotgun

RiccardoThe term was coined by express gunsmiths English 800 who first wrestled in the realization of this weapon rifled giving an interpretation that included the two rods side by side and, therefore, starting from the structure of the typical shotgun. At the time EXPRESS was the nickname that was given to the trains, just to signify the speed with which ensured the move as an alternative to other means of locomotion of the time. The weapon Express therefore was synonymous with speed meaning by this that the projectile launched on the target and this name was coined by the great James Purdey.

Although, express the classic pipe juxtaposed the modern reinterpretation consider them. also over barrels. But here we will not talk to express modern, this article is dedicated to the myths of the past and their guns.

two barrel, express, rifle, hunting

The study and the realization of the express port names of absolute fame, Holland & Holland, Rigby, Westley Richards, and their interpretations were the landmarks of gun making era.


Like all hunting weapons, also express arose from a specific need, given to British gunsmiths from the market of high-end of the nobles and the new rich. The British Empire embraced the most remote places of the world and the game had them present very different characteristics from that of the British Isles. Animals of great size and extremely dangerous, often especially resistant epidermis, the hunting of which frequently made ​​in the bush or among the tall grasses of the savannah, it was done a few tens of meters with the need to have weapons of easy maneuverability and power d ‘stop decisive. Thus was born the need to design the rifled gun barrel, also different from those that turned in central Europe, where the ballistics had the prerogative of the one final blow and long distance shots.

The colonial territories and their hunts had other prerogatives: the targets were often hidden from view by the dense vegetation of the hunters and the consequence was that they had to bring a lot. A short distance the shot was easy in aiming guns powerful but needed to stop on the spot the wild that if only wounded was able to load and kill the hunter. Hence the need to double the shot, both in a very short time (a rotating sliding shutter would be difficult to manage in the heat of the moment), and with the absolute certainty of not having paper jams, manageable factor absolute only with two barrels mechanisms firing separated.

two barrel, express, rifle, hunting

From these requirements came the family of the express, which just for the pursuit of absolute perfection from the outset were placed on high market prices, which are accessible only to a narrow circle of the market or for professional hunters, who made it their business tool.


Being double-barreled weapons, the first problem for the manufacturer so was the setting for obtaining good pink and this was the task of a precise category of the British workers master regulator barrel.” The adjustments of arms was made ​​directly in the field, where these specialists accedevano with arms in white carrying on sprint temporary spacers.

Here we did a series of tests carried out generally on the 100 yards (91.44 meters) until you reach the desired coupling.

In parallel with the rear sight is regulated intermediate and the viewfinder until the pink of ten shots were not going to both barrels within a radius of 20 cm, although the best calibrations carried the weapons to get pinkish diameter of ten centimeters.

These values ​​are unacceptable in the modern sense of ballistics but absolutely valid for an Express and the hunts for which they were intended.


two barrel, express, rifle, huntingAnother prerogative of the Express was the caliber always big and powerful that foresaw the necessity of having weapons always been particularly robust. These have had pistols both type Anson that type Holland & Holland, the latter very often removable, given that the hunter would be found in areas devoid of dealers for maintenance.


Recalling that the historians were designed to express wild and so are always challenging especially important as a dimension:

375 Holland & Holland Magnum – produced by the house that bears the name since 1912 became a popular caliber and still we find it chambered in both carbines express that in a rotating shutter sliding. It was used both on the African wild Indian, especially for cats, while it was considered caliber not too sure for the pachyderms.

450/3 and ¼ “N.E. – Marked on the cartridge introduced in 1898 by the famous neo-John Rigby. He was for many years the ammunition used in Africa because it is considered more reliable on any kind of wild. Then replaced by the legendary 416 Rigby, famous for its qualities of power and penetration, even on such wild buffalo and elephant.

.500 / 465 N.E. – Cartridge introduced at the beginning of the ‘Holland & Holland 900 from 450 in substitution of NE now that caliber military was no longer used for sporting purposes both in India and in the Sudan. He had a great success and was considered a good gauge for all wildlife.

.475 N.E. – Introduced from 1905 onwards and was used to express that in both rifles. Its use was preferred over dangerous animals in tender skin, but successfully used for short-distance shots on large pachyderms. The second generation introduced only a year after he had a shell of nearly 4 inches long and a half and it was suitable for the most challenging hunts in Africa.

.500 / 3 “N.E. – Was the first ammunition for gunpowder, then from the end of the 800 borrowed for powder without smoke. The ammunition was preferred by professional hunters who accompanied the wealthy in safari, for its effectiveness even against the most difficult game.

.577 / 3 “N.E. – Introduced from 1880 as a black powder cartridge was equipped with a long bushing 2 “and ¾. Then it was loaded with smokeless powders with the cartridge case led to 3 “. His reputation was the main ones being the cartridge to be certain that elephants preferred to NE 600 due to its greater penetration.

.600 N.E. – High power ammunition introduced by Jeffery in 1903 Produced by house until 1962 has recently been revived by some manufacturers to express. Its power was considered too exuberant for elephants.

 The answers to the ammunition English

9,3x74R – German response to the British barracks was more than that in express rifles in sliding and rotating shutter in combination. It could be conveniently used both in hunting large animals on African Americans and Europeans such as grizzly bear, moose, etc..

458 W.M. – Much more modern calibers English was introduced since 1956 and also had the versatility to be used both in express that in rifles. Cartridge is very powerful even for the most challenging wild.



carbine, rifles, hunting, rifled


stock, forend, shotgun

RiccardoThe ribbed single barrel folding is intended for those who practice strenuous hunts ungulates, whether in the mountains or to look up the hill through the woods and clearings. Became weapon solid, practical and light, leaving only the task of the hunter to aim well without shortness of breath because they never tired. Kipplauf is the weapon by high specialization, designed and developed for the needs montane and alpine Europe workhorse of many historic and successful producers in Germany and Austria.

But it has now crossed borders and is produced with success in Italy.
EFFEBI has been able to reinterpret it, imposing his practical sense and succeeding, through superb accomplishments, to broaden the use of logic and wild which can be addressed. And ‘the case of the Terminator, produced by EFFEBI Concesio (ITALY), and with whom Fabio Beretta, owner and unparalleled creative mind, he wanted to give an answer to some of the specialties of the hunt ball, tackling the issues of realization of the’ weapon from the point of view of the hunter. And let’s start right here, by the end user.

Rifle, fifled, Effebi, Terminator, firearm
Terminator is a single-shot rifle folding with the ability to be folded up to bring the barrel in position almost parallel to the calcium. Factor that facilitates the alpine hunter often used to carry the weapon in his backpack. And just to transport over long distances and challenging mountain EFFEBI the thought, creating a product that is a little over 3 kg (3,050 gr.) To which we add the weight of optics that the hunter will choose for his fighter. Lightness, therefore, ease of transport and they do get out of the Terminator by the exclusive use of mountain hunts and for hunting also propose to look at non-alpine ungulates (deer and fallow deer), governs booming throughout the national.
Rifle, carbine, rifled, hunting, Effebi TerminatorThinking about the latter and the real risk that a weapon of high aesthetic refinement may suffer scratches on the wood in search in the woods, the EFFEBI has created a weapon to protect spartan no frills excessively and can distract the hunter. And in this spirit of versatility is achieved in various calibers.

The receiver, the heart of any weapon, is made from a single block of forged steel and cemented in HCD4 houses the trigger group. The opening of the weapon is achieved by adjusting the throttle opening located on the upper tail of the receiver. This action frees the ventral piece and allows the opening of the weapon el’armamento inserting the battery, automatically the security mechanism.

At the close of the weapon appears to be ready, armed with the trigger mechanism, but with the safety engaged automatically.

Rifle, carbine, rifled, hunting, Effebi TerminatorSo the shot is not allowed unless the action takes place voluntarily disengage the safety by sliding forward of the lever behind the throttle opening. The closure of the Terminator is guaranteed by a harpoon downloaded which is housed in the headquarters of the plans of the receiver through the dowel reinforcement created entirely from forged early.

The rotation of the barrel on the receiver is guaranteed by chromium molybdenum steel pin UM10 securely fastened.
The battery has no steckher and the gun has a trigger which 1.200 gr factory calibrated. The barrel is made with UM8 process rotomartellatura cold GFM machines. The barrel has a conical profile and is lapped internally before proceeding to the implementation of the lining in order to obtain both the crest that the bottom row of transparencies so as to make more fluid the path of the ball. The rod is inserted plug in the engine block and then welded silver alloy. The Terminator series is equipped with weaver base for the mounting of optics. It ‘also equipped with rear sight adjustable for those unwilling to use optics.
The EFFEBI upon request will provide the hunter demanding a system of rings slide and quick-release steel products from Contessa that can be mounted on the rifle with four simple screws.
Football and boom are in Italian walnut oil finished. The stock has dorsal curvature and supports-cheek style made in Central Europe, which will facilitate the operation correctly targeted. The rod has a rectangular profile and tend to his front has a slight duck bill. Its bottom center houses the deep milling required acceptance of the bridge’s protective trigger. Both football auction have serrations of excellent workmanship made by laser.

Rifle, carbine, rifled, hunting, Effebi Terminator
The EFFEBI for the test has made available a Terminator in 6,5x57R caliber. As the gun-shot and then set to pull out of sequence, the shots were not fired in succession, but only to the cooling of the barrel after the previous stroke. Procedure a bit ‘long in time but more comparable with the shooting.

The test shots were made at 100 meters with ammunition with balls 126, 130, 120 grains. The shot pattern wider than the canonical 100 meters was 25 mm while the closer to 21 mm. The felt recoil was pleasantly reduced despite the rifle used had a weight of only 3,050 grams.

The weight, the ability to replicate completely the weapon to the long marches of approach to the target, the recoil particularly low and the price, that in setting used does not exceed 1,400 euros including VAT, make the Terminator of EFFEBI an important ally hunter’s ball, which will certainly take into consideration when making your purchase.


Manufacturer:  EFFEBI SRL, Via Borsellino 43, 25062 Concesio (Bs)

website:       email:

Model: Terminator

Folding Type: Single barrel shotgun – Kipplauf

Gauges available: 5,6×50 RM, 5,6×52 R, 243 Win, 6,5×57 R, 7×64, 7.65 R, 308 Win, 45-70 Gov.

Closing: a sliding block on crampons with reinforced rocker

Percussion: system in dog inside

Extractor: type manual

Rear: sights come standard with weaver base

Barrel: length 650 mm

Diameter at the muzzle: 14 mm

Pitch of rifling: depending on the rating table CIP

Taking: direct ceramic with a weight of 1,200 grams

Total length of the weapon: 990 mm 38  31/32 in (990 mm)

Weight: about 3,050

Finishing: metal parts finished in black, wood oil finished

List Price: 1.400 Euro ($ 1,874.32)

Beretta, products, accessories, hunting, shooting, outdoor

Rifle, weapons, old ordinance


shothunt, ear protection

The author of these notes, not Terni, believes that in order to better appreciate the effort that since 1993, the association is doing to see built and opened to the public the Museum of Arms, we should put the same museum in the context of the story is Factory d’Armi that the former Army of the city of Terni, if such factory was built. This is a short documentary and photographic chronicle of what has been said. I thank the members Sandro Patumi, Giovanni Piana and Gianluca Albonetti for the photographic contribution offered to the Association.

Terni of Italy, Armi's factory, weapons

 FROM 1875 TO 1919

Shortly after Unification of Italy (1862), there was talk of setting up a national armory a Terni, Terni in what was considered a strategic city for its location at the center of Italy and the richness of the waters that surrounded it: the proposal was opposed by the nearby Papal State and postponed indefinitely. The proposal was repeated and, in 1869, dr. Peter Masters, Director of Statistics at the Ministry of Industry and Commerce wrote on an “Italian Economy” …

In 1872 the Marquis Luigi Campofregoso, executor of the studies and the installation of the new plant, in his writing – The extraordinary importance of military and industrial Val Terni – concluded: “… I highly recommend this location ternana the attention of the Minister of War, General Commission for the defense of the State, the big capitalists and enterprising of all men. ” On March 19, 1874 issued the Royal Decree authorizing the expenditure for the construction of a factory in Terni d’Armi. Became to keep in mind that there was already one in Terni steelworks called “La Ferriera” and that, almost simultaneously with the proposed construction of the factory d’Armi, the Navy proposed and obtained the institution, always at Terni, a steel mill for the production of steel, construction breastplates and blanks cannon opened by King Umberto I ° in July of 1887.

The factory occupied lots granted free of charge to the State by the city of Terni, to the east of the city, on the road that leads to the Nera Valley and along the avenue entitled subsequently to Benedetto Brin. The factory was opened in 1880 and consisted of a main building and laboratories generally constructed to the building; was created a shooting range of 200 meters for the testing of weapons.

The energy was driving more than 1000 horses that came from the turbines to the main shafts of all the plants and that, longitudinally through the laboratories, the distributed sub-trees and their references. The workers came in large part from Turin, Brescia and Torre Annunziata and began to work on the Vetterli rifle mod. 1870 at a rate of 25 rifles per hour. In 1891, it was designed rifle mod. 91 cal. 6.5: the Director of the Commission were part of the Factory of Turin d’Armi col. Alessandro Olioli – Fasola, Captain Giuseppe Vitali and foreman Salvatore Carcano. The construction of the new rifle was entrusted to the Factory d’Armi of Terni.

In March of 1918 the workers were 7,172, of which over 3,000 women with two shifts of 12 hours.

FROM 1919 TO 1946

Between 1919 and 1921, due to lack of orders, the activity of the plant decreased to the limit of paralysis which was overcome by the restoration of parts d’arma and with various studies and transformation that allowed the full recovery of the plant, and between 1935 and 1940, the machinery was almost entirely renovated. In Piazza Cornelius Tacitus, in 1935, instead of the war memorial moved the entrance to the public gardens, was built the fountain “pen and ink” as it is now dubbed.

Armi's factory, Weapons

By the architects Ridolfi and Bean, the fountain features three distinct phases. In the first the water comes to the edge of the basin in the form of veil to flow over the surface decorated by the artist Cagli with the signs of the zodiac; Water in the second precipitates in a further bath to become energy represented, the third phase, by a very high metal needle covered with stainless steel. The authors of the project say the fountain “It stands in the same night as the symbol and essence of Terni: Industrial and dynamic.” On August 11, 1943, in one of the 108 bombing suffered by Terni during the war, the factory d’Armi lost 34 people including the Director General Antonio Passarelli and, in September, the Germans moved to the North about 3,000 machine tools. Later the plant was occupied by the Allies that left him in 1946 AD FROM 1946


Thanks to the skill of the workers who returned the precious material (industrial diamonds) hidden at your own risk, who tracked down many machine tools and “reconstructed memory” those lost, the plant resumed its activities dealing with the repair and conservation of Italian and foreign weapons, of mechanical parts and fittings for study and research. In 1978, the Factory d’Armi (FAET) has changed its name to the Military Armaments Light Plant of Terni (Smalt) and, from 2000 Polo Equipment Maintenance Light (PMAL) that, with modern CNC machine tools and systems computerized surface treatments of all kinds, on par with the national industries also providing the “logistical support” our troops abroad. On May 2, 1875, His Excellency Mr General Ricotti, War Minister laid the foundation stone of the factory d’Armi of Terni, saying among other things in his inaugural address: “Gentlemen, the nationality of Terni wanted to honor the mandate to place the first stone of the factory d’Armi that here, for the vote of Parliament and determination of the King, must be implanted. … In short, there will arise a great plant in the country that will work and honest gain a considerable number of workers and therefore no small advantage to the city, and, provided of the most perfect machines ed’ogni means more acconcio, will, I hope, readily compete hill d’armi most renowned factories abroad, both in quantity as in quality of products. … With this belief, in the name of His Majesty the King d’Itala Vittorio Emanuele II I place the first stone of the factory d’Armi of Terni. “” … With l’Augurio that the city of Terni, the Polo Equipment Maintenance Light, the association “Arms Museum – City of Terni “and the Arms Museum – town of Terni can always coexist and represent a piece of history of the cities of Italy …”

The President Brig. Gen. (res)

Guido Pesce

Beretta, products, accessories, hunting, shooting, outdoor

Springfield 1903, rifle, military, ex ordinance


shothunt, ear protection


Dear friends and readers, we continue today in our roundup of articles that leads us to become better know the rifles that have made the history of many battles and wars, in more or less distant times, and who have contributed in a decisive way to give precedence to some armies and peoples against others.

These rifles which, while being equipped, with their strengths and weaknesses, of an inferior technology compared to the latest generation of rifles, bought, over the years, an increasing appeal because they have been the protagonists of historical periods. Today we speak about the Springfield 1903, starting with the steps that led to its design and manufacture, and to do this, we must go back to the year 1898 In that year the United States army was engaged in the “Spanish-American” war and had the Krag-Jorgensen rifle as weapon ordinance, with 30-40 caliber and ammunition produced by the same house, supplied since 1892.

 Springfiled 1903, rifle, military, ex ordinance

The US army, however, was in serious trouble, facing an opponent with a “Mauser” of Spanish production, designed and built in 1893, that had two key advantages over the Krag-Jorgensen rifle: best ballistic characteristics in terms of accuracy on the useful shot and a greater loading speed of the weapon, a feature that allowed to have a much greater volume of fire.

The US military leaders wanted to run for cover by commissioning to Springfield a weapon that had similar characteristics and also better than the Mauser. Later it was learned that the same military leaders were able to put pressure against the Mauser to get information and projects, some of which will then be transferred in Springfield with a “royalties” paid to Mauser.


The Springfield completed in 1902 the design of the rifle and began the production on an industrial scale for the army in 1903, the same year from which it takes its name. In the same year the agreement was signed in which this rifle becomes weapon ordinance for the US army. Initially, however, there are doubts at the military top, because it is believed that this weapon present some defects, such as a too fragile attack for the bayonet and ammunition that is ill-suited to the rifle and with rounding to its vertex that, slowing down the speed during the trajectory, reduces the performance and, therefore, the degree of injury to the opponent.

Th President Theodore Roosevelt himself, previously senior officer of the Army USA, orders at Springfield the return of the models in use in 1905 to replace with a bayonet attack more effective. Almost at the same time, the Germans are experiencing a new bullet model called “Spitzer”, which means “sharp”: it presents cutting-edge ballistic characteristics for “stability” during the trajectory and greater speed of exiting from the barrel of the weapon, both elements that allow a ‘high penetration capacity” and, therefore, great efficiency from the point of view of war.

Springfield 1903, rifle, military, ex ordinance

The U.S. run for cover again and succeed in designing a ammunition, called 30-06, which has almost the same features as the German one, but in 1906 they are forced once again to retract the Springfield rifles to replace the barrel and re-calibration of the sights. The new ammunition has ballistic characteristics different from that used previously and the outbreak of the powders generates departure at greater velocity of the bullet, creating inside the barrel much higher pressures that become excessive for those supplied up to that moment.

In fact you get to the First World War, with the army US that is not yet equipped with Springfield rifles sufficient for all the soldiers, as a result of these continuous improvements of the initial project. Then is intensified the production of the same model that, between 1915 and 1918, leads to build other 265,000 rifles, in addition to the other 850,000 which, at the end of required mechanical changes, were given back to the army. A designer named John D. Petersen designs a specimen of Springfield that has a system reset similar to a prototype of semi-automatic, but since this requires the modification of the “receiver” with new rifles reduction for the army, it remains only a prototype.

During this period, and for all the time in which this rifle remained as ordinance weapon of the army of the United States, were designed and built several prototypes of Springfield1903 with different characteristics which, however, being prototypes, were never produced in large scale but in very limited series.

The other models were:

- Rifle M1903 Mark1, already mentioned above, with the breech and, especially, stop tooth modified that allow semi-automatic operation;

- M1903A1 rifle fitted with checkered pistol stock , trigger and recoil pad;

- M1903A rifle that has the same characteristics as those described above, but is made ​​with a lighter overall structure;

- M1903A4 rifle that is the version of “sniper” with pistol grip and possibility of application of optical magnification to 2.5, most available on the market compared to previous models, in the estimated number of 25,000 units.

Today the “demilitarized” weapon is widely used for the “shot in polygon” because it is very accurate, especially the A3 model with four-barrel grooves. Because of the limited availability of Springfield on the market, especially in later versions, built only in the prototype stage, the purchase for sport and for collecting involves a very high price.

But is also true that for the pure collector this is a rare “gem” for its collection, symbolizing a “piece of history” in the early decades of the last century.

Alessio Ceccarelli

Beretta, products, accessories, hunting, shooting, outdoor

Zeiss, Victori HT 54, binocular, Sport optics


stock, forend, shotgun

RiccardoWhat optics is probably among the areas of production in the service of the hunter, the most demanding in terms of massive investments required to always provide something more in terms of performance. And this is only permitted giants are able to commit substantial resources to research, to get a step up in performance. Sometimes they are small steps, sometimes leaps important as they get older surely what the market already offers. The latter is established habit of Zeiss that always, when he proposes something new, it does clearly separating performance in what is already a lively market offers.

Only recently - in 2012 - Zeiss binoculars had placed on the market with excellent performance in versions 8 x 42 and 10 x 42 and this had collected the favor of the fans for his extraordinary ability to transmit 95% of light and over, thanks to a massive effort in research on the glasses made ​​HT from Schott sister.


But Zeiss wanted to go further this year and was the star of a major new product in the field of binoculars that has placed it at the pinnacle of excellence: the Victory HT 54.

But as it has come to design a new pair of binoculars at the top of the class?

As usual Zeiss is playing in his quest by the customer, or by the hunter and its needs. Hunter needs for his twilight observation of extreme brightness, lightness, because overloaded with equipment hunting along rough terrain, resistance, because his journey is fraught with difficulties and efficiency in all weather conditions.

Zeiss, starting with these powers, has taken on the burden of design excellence for the modern hunter.

The base material of the structure has been the most important choice and has fallen on the magnesium, which although challenging in processing, allows to obtain considerable advantages. These are the absolute weight (1,035 grams and 1,050 grams in 8 x 54 in 10 x 54), but the magnesium, for its characteristic molecular puts an extra advantage in the hands of the hunter more distracted. In case of collisions is much easier to bring it back into service, to the original form; this than aluminum and as they say in the hunting is metal with the most memory.”

The design study of the forms has also allowed us to forge a bridge structure with a very protective of the ring (Double-Link-Bridge), putting more sheltered from shocks than many products on the market.

But because, fair question, research performance has not gone on a 56 mm?

The reduction in weight was a prerogative but there is much more, this is all the extraordinary skill and ability to research Zeiss enters its productions. The company working on the biometric parameters of the human eye has put its focus on the cognitive abilities of the same in the various age groups, noting with analytical data irrefutable, that after 30 years, the elastic capacity of the pupil are already down so that a 54 mm is already greater than the possible capacity of the dilated pupil. He therefore deemed it unnecessary to use a 56 mm that could not be exploited by the human eye and would have led to an increase against major weight around the neck of the hunter


Defined what Zeiss has focused on getting a result brightness of excellence with more than 95% of light transmission, the configuration of 54 mm lens allows you to take full advantage of the human eye, even in people with age in the .

Extraordinary result was obtained with the amplitude of the angular range of 130 m / km in 8 x 54 and up to 110 m / km for the 10 x 54 true excellence in the field of binocular observation.

But, as always, the German company has come out of the lab and thought to the hunting grounds and weather the difficulties that the hunter encounters. In addition to the T * multi-layer anti-reflective coating, it is especially important to the development of treatment LotuTec®, able to provide a vision always clear, when we pass from the sun to rain or snow.

Extraordinary, as tradition ergonomics, which brings Victory 54 at the top of maneuverability and ease of use.

Binoculars truly extraordinary when new Zeiss has outdone herself, which allow sharp observations and at great distances until late at night.

Riccardo Ceccarelli

Beretta, products, accessories, hunting, shooting, outdoor