The term was coined by express gunsmiths English 800 who first wrestled in the realization of this weapon rifled giving an interpretation that included the two rods side by side and, therefore, starting from the structure of the typical shotgun. At the time EXPRESS was the nickname that was given to the trains, just to signify the speed with which ensured the move as an alternative to other means of locomotion of the time. The weapon Express therefore was synonymous with speed meaning by this that the projectile launched on the target and this name was coined by the great James Purdey.
Although, express the classic pipe juxtaposed the modern reinterpretation consider them. also over barrels. But here we will not talk to express modern, this article is dedicated to the myths of the past and their guns.
The study and the realization of the express port names of absolute fame, Holland & Holland, Rigby, Westley Richards, and their interpretations were the landmarks of gun making era.
BECAUSE OF THE EXPRESS
Like all hunting weapons, also express arose from a specific need, given to British gunsmiths from the market of high-end of the nobles and the new rich. The British Empire embraced the most remote places of the world and the game had them present very different characteristics from that of the British Isles. Animals of great size and extremely dangerous, often especially resistant epidermis, the hunting of which frequently made in the bush or among the tall grasses of the savannah, it was done a few tens of meters with the need to have weapons of easy maneuverability and power d ‘stop decisive. Thus was born the need to design the rifled gun barrel, also different from those that turned in central Europe, where the ballistics had the prerogative of the one final blow and long distance shots.
The colonial territories and their hunts had other prerogatives: the targets were often hidden from view by the dense vegetation of the hunters and the consequence was that they had to bring a lot. A short distance the shot was easy in aiming guns powerful but needed to stop on the spot the wild that if only wounded was able to load and kill the hunter. Hence the need to double the shot, both in a very short time (a rotating sliding shutter would be difficult to manage in the heat of the moment), and with the absolute certainty of not having paper jams, manageable factor absolute only with two barrels mechanisms firing separated.
From these requirements came the family of the express, which just for the pursuit of absolute perfection from the outset were placed on high market prices, which are accessible only to a narrow circle of the market or for professional hunters, who made it their business tool.
THE TECHNIQUE OF EXPRESS
Being double-barreled weapons, the first problem for the manufacturer so was the setting for obtaining good pink and this was the task of a precise category of the British workers “master regulator barrel.” The adjustments of arms was made directly in the field, where these specialists accedevano with arms in white carrying on sprint temporary spacers.
Here we did a series of tests carried out generally on the 100 yards (91.44 meters) until you reach the desired coupling.
In parallel with the rear sight is regulated intermediate and the viewfinder until the pink of ten shots were not going to both barrels within a radius of 20 cm, although the best calibrations carried the weapons to get pinkish diameter of ten centimeters.
These values are unacceptable in the modern sense of ballistics but absolutely valid for an Express and the hunts for which they were intended.
Another prerogative of the Express was the caliber always big and powerful that foresaw the necessity of having weapons always been particularly robust. These have had pistols both type Anson that type Holland & Holland, the latter very often removable, given that the hunter would be found in areas devoid of dealers for maintenance.
THE GAUGES HISTORICAL
Recalling that the historians were designed to express wild and so are always challenging especially important as a dimension:
375 Holland & Holland Magnum – produced by the house that bears the name since 1912 became a popular caliber and still we find it chambered in both carbines express that in a rotating shutter sliding. It was used both on the African wild Indian, especially for cats, while it was considered caliber not too sure for the pachyderms.
450/3 and ¼ “N.E. – Marked on the cartridge introduced in 1898 by the famous neo-John Rigby. He was for many years the ammunition used in Africa because it is considered more reliable on any kind of wild. Then replaced by the legendary 416 Rigby, famous for its qualities of power and penetration, even on such wild buffalo and elephant.
.500 / 465 N.E. – Cartridge introduced at the beginning of the ‘Holland & Holland 900 from 450 in substitution of NE now that caliber military was no longer used for sporting purposes both in India and in the Sudan. He had a great success and was considered a good gauge for all wildlife.
.475 N.E. – Introduced from 1905 onwards and was used to express that in both rifles. Its use was preferred over dangerous animals in tender skin, but successfully used for short-distance shots on large pachyderms. The second generation introduced only a year after he had a shell of nearly 4 inches long and a half and it was suitable for the most challenging hunts in Africa.
.500 / 3 “N.E. – Was the first ammunition for gunpowder, then from the end of the 800 borrowed for powder without smoke. The ammunition was preferred by professional hunters who accompanied the wealthy in safari, for its effectiveness even against the most difficult game.
.577 / 3 “N.E. – Introduced from 1880 as a black powder cartridge was equipped with a long bushing 2 “and ¾. Then it was loaded with smokeless powders with the cartridge case led to 3 “. His reputation was the main ones being the cartridge to be certain that elephants preferred to NE 600 due to its greater penetration.
.600 N.E. – High power ammunition introduced by Jeffery in 1903 Produced by house until 1962 has recently been revived by some manufacturers to express. Its power was considered too exuberant for elephants.
The answers to the ammunition English
9,3x74R – German response to the British barracks was more than that in express rifles in sliding and rotating shutter in combination. It could be conveniently used both in hunting large animals on African Americans and Europeans such as grizzly bear, moose, etc..
458 W.M. – Much more modern calibers English was introduced since 1956 and also had the versatility to be used both in express that in rifles. Cartridge is very powerful even for the most challenging wild.
BUFFALO HUNT WITH A .600 N.E
.500 N.E. FOR ELEPHANT